Essaouira is very different from tourism
in other cities in the Kingdom of Morocco. There are no tourists
who typically book package programmes and spend their entire
holidays in the town, and up to now large tour operators have
avoided Essaouira. There you will primarily find individual
tourists, water sports enthusiasts and day-trippers enjoying
an excursion from Marrakech or Agadir. Instead
of bars, parties and sunbathing, there is predominantly
art, culture and sports."
S. Bauer, A. Escher, S. Knieper: Essaouira,
“The Wind City” as a “cultural product
Essaouira is a tourist friendly
town and is known to be a "cool" place.
The impact of tourism, immigration by Europeans (mostly
French) and the returning of Moroccan expats from
Europe has made Essaouira today a cosmopolitan oasis with
a high grade of tolerans between particular ethnic or cultural
Essaouira is a small town.
Easy to walk around. Good roads and close proximity makes
it easy also to visit places of interest in the region with
local transports as buses and taxis. It is easy to find accomodation,
restaurants and cafés. The medina has an interesting
souk. Find beach amusements as wind- and kite surfing, horse-
and camel riding....or just walk along the coasts.
FAQ Questions about Morocco
as a tourist destination
Tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing economic sectors.
Tourism is an important part
of the Moroccan economy.98% of international
tourism to Morocco came from Europe
Organization highlights three primary attractions
history and cultural heritage
mild weather during
the European winter.
Plan "Azur 2020"
Morocco's tourism authority has recently announced
plans to restructure "Azur 2020" one of its most ambitious
tourism initiatives aiming to revive this sector after years of
stagnation due to financial challenges.
The overall aim of the project is to establish
Morocco as a top tourist hub given its clean
beaches, rich cultural heritage and well-loved cuisine to attract
20 milliontourists to the North
African country by 2020.
Moroccan Tourism Sector Gets Boost
Speakers: Morocco's Tourism Minister Yassir Zenagui, Dr. Michael Frenzel, Chairman of the executive board
Tourists visit Morocco and
meet a culture different from their own. Depending on how they
travel, the tourist can come more or less close to people and
real life. Of course will the visitors experience be judged on
their own knowledge and their own moral values and their personal
feelings in general.
A tourist come back home and say that some
people are very poor in Morocco because he had seen someone
pick up a small piece of bread lying on the street. In his country
most people don´t care if there is lying a piece of bread
on the street. In Morocco most people pick it up and put it
in a clean place because bread is as food in a special way sacred.
Baraka of God. -may be someone else need to eat the bread. (Baraka refers to spiritual power that manifests
in the form of a blessing or good fortune, similar to the concept
of good karma in Buddhism.)
The Moroccans is also experiencing a tourist
in a similar way.
Tourists will be judged by the way the locals understand.
A child comes up to a tourist and asks for
a dirham or a pen. If you leave them without giving anything
it happens that they throw small stones after you.
A salesman cries "Hello my friend" "Where you
Both locals and the tourists are usisng stereotypes
when describing each others. It means making generalizations based
on their own experiences or on what what others have said.
The Moroccans, the Berbers, the Jews......and the
tourists(the French,..) etc.
It can be a kind of self-fulfilling
prophecies......... you see what you want to see.
to suit a local culture) is the key in getting the best when visiting
The locals like foreigners
that appreciate their culture. Try as much as possible to use
the facilities of locals and try to become familiar with the
native culture (language, local customs..... Specialized
facilities and services for tourists are also far more expensive
than the ones the locals use.
a part of the colonial project for all European nations.
It spread with colonialism throughout the world at the end of
19th and beginning of 20th centuries. Travel literature from
this time shows the extreme Orientalist rhetoric
used by European tourists to interpret their
Advice to tourists
Most guides give advice to tourists about
what is appropriate behavior in Morocco, for
Women should avoid provocative clothing
Don´t smoke, drink and eat in public
during the day in the month of Ramadan
Never disturb someone in prayer
Avoid criticizing politics or religion!
Don´t touch any illegal drugs
other cultural advices could be :
You should take of your shoes before entering
a room with a carpet.
Don´t eat or greet people with your
left hand as Moroccans use that
hand for toilet
or more disputed:
(as they are gaining the salesmen ,among other
Never refuse if you are invited by locals
to drink tea (A tei)
It is a tradition and a pleasure to bargain
on the price.
Combat crime in all its forms:
Pedophilia (sexual abuse of prepubescent children) & incest
(sexual abuse by a family member).
Observations of particular behavior that tourists encounter
... sometimes different from what the visitors are used too in
their home countries.
Merchants and salesmen.
The following example is typical of salesmen
and shows a typic attitude towards tourists who are interested
in buying something in a souvenir shop. Usually there are never
any prices noted.
- How much is this african mask?
- Oh. This mask is very nice.
- How much?
- It comes from Mali and is very rare.
- Yes I know that. How much is it?
- Look! It has a nice decoration and beutiful colours.
- Ok. But I want to know its price.
- Not expensive. I have more masks here.
- How much is this mask?
- Please come into my shop and look.
- No. I am only interested in knowing the price of this mask!
- 65 Euro (sic)(the right price
is about 200 Dh)
- Oh. That is too much. I don´t want to buy it.
When you hear that they tell you a ridiculously
high price you give the mask back and want to leave - they usually
don´t want to take it back and they ask you:
- My friend (Sic) How much?
They think that you are interested in bargaining for the price
and can offer you a cup of tea trying to seduce you
or they will try to sell something else to you that you don´t
Are they stupid? Do they not understand that they loose customers
dealing that way?
They want to make as much money as possible and are continously
insulting customers by asking a much higher price than the "right"
When you leave the shop not buying you are not longer their friend!
"In general, the Moroccans are very friendly
and hospitable. Just beware there are individuals who befriend
travelers to take advantage of their naiveté. In some
cases it's just to get you to purchase something so they can
get a commission. In other cases it can be to rip you off. Be
careful when someone approaches you without an invitation."'
"You will never get a great bargain. That's it, accept
it. You might get a better deal than some other tourist with
less patience or experience. Just don't enter the game at the
start of your trip. If you can, visit a fixed price shop right
away to see what a fair price is and decide what you'd like
to purchase during your trip. You might even pick up something
at the fixed price shop."
A tout is any person
who solicits business or employment in a persistent and annoying
manner (generally equivalent to a solicitor or barker
in American English. An example would be a person who
frequents heavily touristed areas and presents himself as a tour
guide (particularly towards those who do not speak the local
language) but operates on behalf of local bars, restaurant, or
hotels, being paid to direct tourists towards certain establishments.
The experience in its worst form is the mafia-like
intimidation of travellers from a group of unpolite men who approch
you when you want a taxi at the airport in
Marrakech and a milder variant when nice children offer you
to rent an appartment in Essaouira.
It is wise to have a guide if you
are not familiar with a location.
A tour guide (tourist guide)
provides assistance, information and cultural, historical and
contemporary heritage interpretation to people on organized tours,
individual clients, educational establishments, at religious and
historical sites, museums, and at venues of other significant
interest.They (normally) have a recognized national or regional
tourist guide qualification.
The tourist police in main
tourist areas are watching tourists walking with local Moroccans
trying to prevent harassment by fake guides and in certain circumstances
is wise to register with the local police if you are travelling
with young Moroccans.
Being a foreigner you experience people looking
at you as an exotic creature. Mostly a positive experience getting
a lot of attention and people communicate often with you with
eye contact, greetings and hand shaking.
However, there are important exceptions.
In traditional environments approaching, greeting and talking
to women is not appropriate if you are man.
When Moroccans greet each other they take
their time and converse about their families, friends, and other
general topics. Handshakes are the customary greeting between
individuals of the same sex.
Once a relationship has developed, it is common to kiss on both
cheeks, starting with the left cheek while shaking hands, men
with men and women with women. In any greeting that does take
place between men and women, the woman must extend her hand first.
If she does not, a man should bow his head in greeting.
When entering a social function, shake hands with the person to
your right and then continue around the room going from right
Say good-bye to each person individually when leaving.
If a number of clients wait at a store, it
is not a rule to serve in the correct order. Those who are in
a hurry and just like to buy a few things can be served before
the others. So also small childen or an elderly. There is howewer
also a common behavior, that some customers is pushing their way
in and insisting on being served directly even though other customers
waiting for their turn.
Garbage and dirt in the streets
is common. Habitually waste is thrown in the streets. Sometimes
garbage bags are placed in the street just outside the door and
in the night animals(cows,
goats and sheep, dogs and seagulls) is breaking
the bag to eat its content and the wind is then doing the rest.
The forest is full of plastic bags.......
Vaccinations. No vaccination certificate is required
for visitors coming from Europe or America. Recommendations: Typhoid
or Hepatitis A, polio and tetanus
Food and water Usually fried and boiled foods are
safe. It is also advised not to drink tap water. Avoid eating
fruits and vegetables that have not been peeled or cooked.
Take precautions against insect
bites and sunburn.
Traffic accidents are
a significant hazard in Morocco. Driving practices are very
poor and have resulted in serious injuries to and fatalities.
Public buses and taxis are inexpensive, drivers typically
exhibit poor driving habits, and buses are frequently overcrowded.
In Essaouira there are shops selling wine,
beer and spirits. Closed on Fridays. Theese shops are also closed during the month of Ramadan. As the religion forbids
drinking for muslims Morocco is a rather dry country with
few drunkards and Moroccans prefer dinking tea when meeting.
In Morocco, the sale of alcohol is officially forbidden to Muslims, and its consumption in a public place is liable to a fine and a sentence of six months in prison. This prohibition does not prevent Morocco from producing annually more than 40 million bottles.
A 18 year old boy condemned to 3 month prison because he smoked a cigarette in a public place during Ramadan. Source:
Tourists often notice that smoking
tobacco is generally toleratad in restaurants and
cafes, but not in the taxis or buses.
The crude prevalence of current smoking
(currently smoked and had smoked > 100 cigarettes in
lifetime) was 16.9% in the adolescent and adult rural
population: 31.0% among men and 1.1% among women. The
majority of smokers (74.4% of men and 68.8% of women)
began smoking before age 20 years. Multiple logistic regression
analysis showed that age, sex, marital status, occupation
and region of residence were the strongest determinants
of current smoking. These results showed a high prevalence
of smoking among males in the rural population of Morocco.
Don´t rely on your knowledge of traffic
rules. Lack of education or just negligent conduct appears in
typical phenomena as people walk out in the street without looking.
Avoiding a hole in the ground is more important than driving on
the right side of the street. In the night most cyclists have
no lights at all. Do not expect that road users stop in a junction
and let you pass.That a vehicle stops and lets pass pedestrians
at a pedestrian crossing is very rare.
Traffic crashes on Moroccan roads
claim a daily average of no less than 10 lives and 200 injuries.
Strikingly enough, the 2005 international classification placed
Morocco sixth in terms of the number of traffic accidents. Source: http://riadzany.blogspot.com/2009/05/traffic-accidents-in-morocco-on-rise.html
A tourist finds Essaouira town
cold in the summers and warm in the winters compared to the other
regions in Morocco.
In the summer the northerly wind is persistent and strong, good
for windsurfing but annoying
for sunbathers who also can find the water temperature cold, 14-18°
The summers inlands in Essaouira province are very hot about 40°
when it is 25° in Essaouira town.
When it is raining it is usually very nice
weather because there is no winds. That is in the winter when
temperatures go down to max 13 °C in the night but in general
warm in the days.
So if you don´t like strong winds and
not too cold nights the best seasons to visit Essaouira are the
spring and the autumn.
Wild or semidomestic dogs
are usually shy and avoid humans because people throw stones at
them. Not only for protection but mostly for pleasure. You can
even see children kicking cats and throwing stones at birds or
other animals.To whip donkeys and horses is common.
Talking loudly in public
To talk loudly about private matters, on the mobile phone or more
generally in public places is a common phenomenon, is not embarassing
for locals. When tensions do occur, yelling, expressing frustration,
and generally creating a public scene is acceptable and quite
ordinary. However, it can be annoying for a visitor.
To schedule an appointment at a specified
time does not necessarily mean that the person will arrive at
that time exactly. Rather later or when it's convenient. You usually
meet people in the "souk" , at home luch- or dinner
time, at the mosque or just at the neighborhood cafe.
Essaouira, as Morocco
in general, is rather safe for visitors.
It is important that the tourists understand that they are objects
of attention! For good and for bad.
It is easy to make local friends, to learn
some arabic and take on some local habits in greetings and eating
If you are harassed in any way, the best thing is to take contact
with other people - if they not already had gathered around you
which is a habit here when something special has happened.
The social control is high mainly to your
Conflicts are usually caused by misconceptions,
lack of understanding differences in culture and behaviour and
an unvillingness to change perspective, but also common ignorance
and normal human group behavior. Indigenisation (Transformation
to suit a local culture) is the key in getting the best when
The Relative Status of
Women and Men. The status of men is higher than that
of women. For the most part, women remain in private, domestic
places. The man , the father represents the family outwards.
Worship in mosques is generally reserved for men and all Muslim
leaders are male. Conservative Moroccans may not entertain mixed-sex
groups. Within the family, the maintained virginity of a young
woman is guarded, as it is vital to her acceptance for marriage.
On the other hand, male sexual activity before marriage is regarded
Morocco is often considered one of the most
liberal Muslim countries.
"It is forbidden by our God , it
is haram " explains Hasnae Krimi, 22, a student
in linguistics at the University Mohammed V in Rabat. It also
believes that the increase in natural disasters and disease are
all warnings calling to reject homosexuality. Most people living
in Muslim countries respond the same way: homosexuality is haram,
forbidden by God.
Under Moroccan law, "committing obscene
acts against nature with an individual of the same sex is punishable
by six months to three years in prison and a fine ranging from
200 to 1,000 dirhams (Article 489 Code penal Marocaine)
"Behind this law against homosexuality,
there is above the weight of religion," said
Dr. Abdessamad Dialmy, professor of gender studies at
the University Mohammed V in Rabat, and a leading researcher on
sexuality in Morocco .
"For most Moroccans, homosexuality is a sin because it
is rejected by Islam. Having sex outside of marriage is less reprehensible
than making love with someone of the same sex. The first is simply
a sin, not abnormal, while the latter is considered a deviant.
"Dans le sillage des ‘révolutions’ homosexuelles de par le monde et à la veille de la célébration, le 17 mai prochain, de la journée mondiale de lutte contre l'homophobie et la transphobie, les homos marocains appellent à manifestation publique pour leurs ‘droits’. Lemag 4 Mai 2013
Les homosexuels marocains se révoltent contre les islamistes, et appellent à manifester.....
CAMPAGNE POUR LA DÉPÉNALISATION DE L'HOMOSEXUALITÉ
The extended family is of utmost importance
as it is a source of status and reputation as well as financial
support. One's personal dignity and honor are an extension of
the family name. The individual is always subordinate to the family
or group. The concept of hshuma, or
shame, is spread to the entire family if one member of
the family is known to have misbehaved. Moroccans view married
life as the only normal way for adults to live. Polygamy is allowed
under Islam, although it is rarely practiced. In such cases, the
wives may live together in one house, or depending on the family's
economic status, each wife may reside in her own dwelling with
her offspring.The elderly are revered and respected and often
exert a great influence on the rest of the family.
The Concept of Shame - Hshuma
. Moroccans' most cherished possession is
their honour and dignity, which reflects not only on themselves
but on all members of their extended family.
. Moroccans will go out of their way to preserve their personal
. Hshuma occurs when other people know that they have behaved
. A Moroccan's sense of self-worth is externally focused, so the
way others see them is of paramount importance.
. If someone is shamed, they may be ostracized by society, or
even worse by their family.
. To avoid hshuma, many Moroccans will say or do things publicly
because it makes them look good or helps them avoid embarrassment
. In business it is extremely important to verify anything that
has been agreed to in front of others as it may not have been
a sincere agreement and the person may have no intention of following
Islam and everyday life
Islam is practised by
the majority of Moroccans and governs their personal, political,
economic and legal lives.
Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a
day - at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. Friday
is the Muslim holy day. In Essaouira are most shops closed
during Friday prayers but opens in the evening.
Many traditions but
also everyday life in Essaouira follow the muslim
calendarand in general
local people have islamic values which are guiding them in actions
The King of Morocco, Mohammed VI, whose 12 palaces reportedly cost $1 million a day to operate. His net worth is up $1 billion this year to $2.5 billion, making him the only one of the world’s 15 richest royals to have added to his fortune in the past year. Ranked i9th of the top 20 of the world’s richest leaders! Source:
Morocco ranks in the 23d place of 43 selected countries with an IQ of 84.
The relationship between nations and intelligence is a controversial area of study concerning differences between nations in average intelligence test scores, their possible causes, and their correlation with measures of social well-being and economic prosperity.
The intelligence scores came from work carried out earlier this decade by Richard Lynn, a British psychologist, and Tatu Vanhanen, a Finnish political scientist, who analysed IQ studies from 113 countries, and from subsequent work by Jelte Wicherts, a Dutch psychologist.
Morocco ranks 91st of 133 (161) countries with acalculated scaore of 59,56.
In the Basic Human Needs Dimension, Morocco performs best on Nutrition and Basic Medical Care and has most opportunity to improve on the Water and Sanitation component. In the Foundations of Wellbeing Dimension, Morocco scores highest on Access to Basic Knowledge but lags on the Ecosystem Sustainability component. In the Opportunity Dimension, Morocco is strongest on Personal Freedom and Choice and has the most room to improve on Access to Advanced Education.
The health system in Morocco is comprised
of three sectors: a public sector consisting of both the Ministry
of Public Health and the Health Services of
the Royal Armed Forces, a semi-public sector, and a
private sector. The World Health Organization and UNICEF
have helped prevent eye disorders and venereal diseases in Morocco.
Morocco is classified as a Partly
The citizens have a lower degree of political rights and civil
freedom, often due to insufficient legislation and corruption.
Source: Democracies in the world Nobelprize.org
Morocco ranks the 80
place of 182 countries in Worldwide
Corruption Perceptions. The CPI generally defines
corruption as "the misuse of public power
for private benefit." 2011
has been described in the past a a part of Moroccan life. It
has been a huge problem at every level from police throiugh
to local officials accepting cash for favours, building permissions
and access to public figures. Now, according to Prime Minister
Abbas El Fassi, Morocco is set to forge
ahead with moralizing public life and fighting corruption and
economic crimes. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/travelblogs/235/63485/
Corruption by The Moroccan Royal Gendarmerie (Arabic: الدرك الملكي Al-Darak al-Malikiy;
French: Gendarmerie royale marocaine;
The 2013 corruption perceptions index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 177 countries and territories around the world - See more at source: http://www.transparency.org/country#MAR
Tansparancymaroc Transparency Morocco (TM), an association of public
utility by decree n ° 2.09.391 of June 11, 2009, was established
January 6, 1996 by a group of citizens to face an alarming situation
of corruption and lack of transparency, ethics and good governance.
It is a nongovernmental organization that adheres to the principles
contained in the charter of Transparency International, an international
organization whose stated objective is to fight against corruption
Since its inception, Transparency Morocco placed its fight against
corruption in the democratic movement that promotes good governance,
citizenship development, promoting the rule of law and the establishment
of a National integrity.
Rule-of-law performance in Morocco
Morocco's global ranking on administration by law is 60 out 113 countries in 2016, according to the World Justice Project (WJP)'s 2016 Rule of Law Index.
Freedom of the
press is relatively good compared with most other North
African and Middle Eastern countries, though many journalists
are thought to practice self-censorship and Morocco ranks
low, 130 of 180 countries in the World Press Freedom index for 2015
(External link). Questioning
the legitimacy of the monarchy is a taboo.
The debate on political Islam is severely restricted
and it is illegal to question the kingdom's "territorial
integrity", i.e. the virtual annexation of the Western
Several Moroccan actors have received death threats on social networks and telephone to have played in the last film Christopher Spencer "Son of God" (Son of God). Souce: bladi.
Freedom of religion is generally observed, with some
limitations. Although Islam is the official state religion,
Moroccans are permitted to practice other faiths, but it is
illegal for Muslims to renounce Islam. Therefore, restrictions
apply to Christian proselytizing. Political activities
under the rubric of Islam are also restricted by the state.
There still exists a Moroccan Jewish community, although
most Jews emigrated in the years following the creation of Israel
in 1948. Moroccans are divided in Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%,
Blasphemy laws, broadly, are those which restrict or punish speech which is deemed to insult religion.
According to the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU)’s 2014 Freedom of Thought Report, 55 countries worldwide – including EU member states – have criminal laws restricting blasphemy. In 39 countries, it is an imprisonable offence, and in six, it carries the death penalty.In Morocco there is a prison sentence.
Apostasy (ارتداد, irtidād and ridda) i.e. the rejection of faith, is a serious offense in Islam. The punishment for apostasy as prescribed by Prophet Muhammad is death. A murtad (مرتد apostate) who hides his apostasy is referred to as a munāfiq (منافق hypocrite).
In 2004 the Moroccan parliament took steps to improve the status
of women and children, and has passed a new family
law, Mudawanat al Asra (English Family Code), which
is widely regarded as very progressive by regional standards.
For example, men are now permitted only one wife
unless their wife signs an agreement. In addition to being candidates
in mixed electoral lists, women have a national list in parliamentary
elections that allow them for at least 10% of the seats.
In parallel, and in September 2006, a national observatory to
fight violence against women was founded. Many state
departments, administrations, universities as well as national
female associations are sought to coordinate efforts together.
Recently, in 2009, new legislation has also allowed women to
divorce their husbands without the consent of the husband.
Society - Stop! Now the harassment of women on the street is punishable by imprisonment.
In case of harassment, the arrested person may be sentenced to a prison term of up to 6 months and a fine of up to 10,000 dh.
Similarly, Morocco is strengthening its penal code, concerning the protection of women, by ending forced marriage, thus an individual who forces a woman to marry, will receive a sentence ranging from 6 months to 12 months in prison as well as 'a fine.
"Whomever persists in interfering with others in public or other places by means of sexual acts, words or gestures" is considered to be guilty of harassment. Harassment may also be through written, telephone or electronic correspondence, photos and / or sexually explicit recordings.
The penalty is increased if the offender is a colleague at work, a family member, up to 5 years in prison.
It is therefore the law 103.13 called "Hakkaoui law" and the first Moroccan woman to have the provisions of this law is a woman from Casablanca.
The first arrests have already begun today. Source: Facebook -Discovery Morocco : Découvrez le Maroc autrement2018-09-13
Sex outside of the marriage is criminal, and few illegitimate children are registered as citizens. They therefore lack the possibility of schooling, health care etc. Many people go to the street. Several are looking for Europe, we have all read about Moroccan street children.
"Morocco’s 2011 constitution incorporated strong human rights provisions, but these reforms did not lead to improved practices, the passage of implementing legislation, or the revision of repressive laws. In 2013, Moroccans exercised their right to peaceful protest in the streets, but police continued to violently disperse them on occasion. Laws that criminalize acts deemed harmful to the king, the monarchy, Islam, or Morocco’s claim over the disputed Western Sahara limited the rights to peaceful expression, assembly, and association. In February, a military court sentenced 25 civilian Sahrawis to prison terms, including nine to life imprisonment. The trial was just one of many unfair trials in recent years that have resulted in politically motivated convictions." From Human Rights Watch World Report 2014
158 400 slaves in Morocco today
Say no to let children work as housemaids!
THERE ARE AN ESTIMATED 158,400 PEOPLE IN MODERN SLAVERY IN MOROCCO – THIS IS EQUIVALENT TO 0.48% OF THE ENTIRE POPULATION. Morocco ranks the 55th place of 167 countries in The Global Slavery Ranking.
GOVERNMENT RESPONSE RATING: C
The general characteristics of a country that has received a rating of C are as follows:
The government response to modern slavery is inadequate, with limited and/or few victim support services,
a weak criminal justice framework
weak coordination or collaboration, while little is being done to address vulnerability.
There are government practices and policies that facilitate slavery. Services, where available, are largely provided by IOs/NGOs with little government funding or in-kind support.
The Global Slavery Index estimates the number of people in modern slavery in 167 countries. It is a tool for citizens, non government organisations, businesses and public officials to understand the size of the problem, existing responses and contributing factors, so they can build sound policies that will end modern slavery.
Morocco on Tier 2 Watch List in the 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report. The Government of Morocco does not comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking;
Morocco is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, and children who are subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. Some rural Moroccan girls as young as 6-years-old are recruited to work as maids in cities and become victims of forced labor, experiencing nonpayment of wages, threats, restrictions on movement, and physical, psychological, or sexual abuse; however, an NGO reports that the incidence of child maids has decreased since 2005, in part due to government-funded programs promoted in primary school and awareness programs funded by UN agencies and NGOs. Some Moroccan boys experience forced labor while employed as apprentices in the artisanal and construction industries and in mechanic shops. Some men, women, and children, primarily from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, enter Morocco voluntarily, but illegally, with the assistance of smugglers; once in Morocco, some of the women and older girls are coerced into prostitution or, less frequently, forced into domestic service. International organizations and local NGOs report that unaccompanied children and women from Cote d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nigeria are highly vulnerable to sex trafficking and forced labor in Morocco. Some women from Cote d’Ivoire, the Philippines, and Indonesia are recruited for employment as domestic workers in Morocco; some report being subjected to forced labor, experiencing nonpayment of wages, withholding of passports, and physical abuse at the hands of their employers. Criminal networks operating in the northern border town of Oujda on the Algerian border force undocumented foreign migrant women into prostitution and begging; these networks also reportedly force children into begging. Some female migrants transiting Oujda, particularly Nigerians, are forced into prostitution once they reach Europe. There is some child sex tourism committed by foreigners in major cities in Morocco. Due to conflicts in the region, Morocco experienced a small increase in the number of irregular migrants and asylum seekers in 2013, including from Syria and the Central African Republic; these migrants are vulnerable to trafficking in Morocco.
Moroccan men, women, and children are exploited in forced labor and sex trafficking in Europe and the Middle East. Moroccan women are forced into prostitution primarily in the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Jordan, Libya, Syria, and European countries; some of them experience restrictions on movement, threats, and emotional and physical abuse. Recruiters reportedly offer Moroccan men jobs in the Persian Gulf, but seize the victims’ passports and subject them to debt bondage after arrival. A few Moroccan men and boys are lured to Europe by fraudulent job offers and are subsequently forced to sell drugs.
In The Global Gender Gap Index , which examines the gap
between men and women in four fundamental categories
(subindexes): economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment, (The four pillars),
Morocco was ranked the 139th of 145 countries.
activists regularly contend that under the banner of Arabization,
their unique language and culture are being repressed in favor
of an Arab one. This is viewed as discrimination and method
of marginalization. However, on October 17, 2001 the Royal
institute of the Amazigh culture was founded to maintain
and develop the Amazigh languages
Internal link: Haha (Amazigh)
Though theoretically capital punishment
is still not abolished in Morocco, there has been only one execution
in the last 25 years, and it happened in 1993. 198 people were
sentenced to death between 1956 and 1993, although there was
an 11 year lull in executions between January 1982 and August
1993. Equity and
Reconciliation Commission (IER) estimated 528 persons
were killed during Hassan II's reign in both judicial and extrajudicial
is very dependent upon tourism and continues to be a favourite
holiday destination for Europeans (3rd favourite for
the French), and in Marrakech, over 17,000 foreigners
are registered (2007) homeowners. Recent reforms have been put
in place to ensure the visitors experience in Morocco is as
carefree as possible. All guides must be registered and trained.
Tourist Police forces work in every major
city. Compared to Europe, crime is commonly petty thievery on
trains and buses.
Based on facts from the French foreign ministery
Morocco is classed as Normal vigilance -
( MAE 2015)
The World Economic Forum experts have calculated to what extent a country exposes tourists and businesses to security risks mainly related to serious damage to people (violence and terrorism). Note that petty crime is not taken into account. Finland is currently the safest country in the world and Morocco ranks 20 of 136 countries.
The political situation is stable and progressing
with modern democratic reforms. With strong diplomatic and trade
associations in Europe, especially
France - and increasingly the USA and
Japan, positive change and growth is in the
future for Morocco. Islamic extremism
exists, but attacks are very rare and severely punished.
practice amoderate and tolerant form of Islam,
and are sensitive to the plight of Palestine and Iraq.
A Moroccan parliamentary commission on Wednesday (December 14th 2015) agreed to impose 5-15 year prison sentences on citizens attempting to join Daesh jihadists in Syria or Iraq,
Having already strengthened laws against money laundering, the government has been working on legislation to criminalise participation in the Islamic State (ISIS) and other foreign terror organisations. (Zawya.com Jan 17 2015)
Le documentaire “Sahel & Sahara – Connexions” réalisé par Hassan El Bouharrouti et Latifa Aït Baala a été projeté au Parlement européen à Bruxelles le mercredi 26 avril 2017
Moroccans welcome all visitors, the
culture is renowned for it's hospitality. Hassling
to buy tends to be a problem, and Moroccans are experts in talking
you out of your money, using charm and perhaps a glass of mint
tea. The best way to let them know you do not want anything
is to avoid looking at the wares for sale and simply walk away,
even if the person is blocking your way. A bit of humour here
can go a long way!" Se also above: Merchants
Moroccans are favorable for the application of Sharia (Islamic law) in their country, according to a study by the American Institute of Pew Research, in which 83% of Moroccans interviewed in this survey, want to establish Sharia as the supreme law in their country. Of a total of 39 countries, Morocco is the sixth country in the Muslim world, where people want to refer to these texts, especially to resolve family matters, such as inheritance, or governing the worship area, but also in the social and political spheres. The study involved a sample of 1,472 Moroccans also reveals that 81% of Moroccans are opposed to armed attacks and suicide operations in the name of Islam. Source: Bladi.net Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research does not take policy positions. http://www.pewresearch.org/
The aim of the CAF World Giving Index is to provide insight into the scope and nature of giving around the world. In order to ensure that giving is understood in its various forms, the report looks at three aspects of giving behaviour. The questions that lie at the heart of the report are:
1. Helped a stranger, or someone you didn’t know who needed help?
Here Morocco ranks 48 of 145.
2. Donated money to a charity?
Here Morocco ranks 145 of 145.
3. Volunteered your time to an organisation?
Here Morocco ranks 141 0f 145 countries.
Morocco is the worst country in the world to donate money to charity and very poor in volunteer their time to an organisation. But Moroccans score fairly good at helping a stranger or someone in need.
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Essaouira has been elected by the TV channel
"Voyages" Fox Group
as one of the top 10 global tourism
stops, considered "destinations of happiness."