Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

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Djinns (Genies)



Djinns (Jinn) or genies are supernatural creatures in Arab folklore and Islamic teachings which occupy a parallel world to that of mankind.
Together, jinn, humans and angels make up the three sentient creations of Allah. According to the Qur’an, there are two creations that have free will: humans and jinn. The Qur’an mentions that jinn are made of smokeless flame or "scorching fire". Like human beings, the jinn can also be good, evil, or neutrally benevolen.

The genie has become more analogous to a demon, with the Devil as the most powerful of the genies.
The first recorded jinn to be disobedient is Iblis. Disbelieving, disobedient jinn and humans are known as shayateen (satans).

“Indeed We created man from dried clay of black smooth mud.  And We created the Jinn before that from the smokeless flame of fire” (Quran 15:26-27)

In Moroccan mythology, the Jnun (plural, meaning “spirits/ghosts”; singular- Jenn) are invisible spirit-beings, some of which (particularly ‘Aisha Qandisha) can take the form of attractive women or monstrous hags. If this type is encountered by a person and a knife isn’t plunged into the ground, the Jenn will possess the person. This possession causes several negative physical and psychological affects and results in impotence as well. The Jenn cannot be exorcised, it can only be placated. The usual means of placation are a trance-inducing ritual, music, or animal sacrifice (music creates a state known as hal which can grant baraka to spirits which accept the music). Their etymology is related to the Jinn.

The mluk (sing. melk) are abstract entities that gather a number of similar jinn (genie spirits). The participants enter a trance state (jedba) in which they may perform spectacular dances. By means of these dances, participants negotiate their relationships with the mluk either placating them if they have been offended or strengthening an existing relationship. The mluk are evoked by seven musical patterns, seven melodic and rhythmic cells, who set up the seven suites that form the repertoire of dance and music of the Gnawa ritual. During these seven suites, seven different types of incense are burned and the dancers are covered by veils of seven different colours.

Each of the seven families of mluk is populated by many "characters" identifiable by the music and by the footsteps of the dance. Each melk is accompanied by its specific colour, incense, rhythm and dance. These entities, treated like "presences" (called hadra, Arabic: حضرة) that the consciousness meets in ecstatic space and time, are related to mental complexes, human characters, and behaviors. The aim of the ritual is to reintegrate and to balance the main powers of the human body, made by the same energy that supports the perceptible phenomena and divine creative activity.



Some of the most famous figures in Moroccan legends and literature are Aisha Qandisha and the Djinns (genies).

The legend of Aisha Qandisha is that of a beautiful seductive woman with the legs of a goat, who lives in riverbeds and flames. Aisha often appears to men in dreams and may leave them impotent for life. Moroccan children fear her presence. According to genie legends, these spirits frequent places associated with water to create mischief in human affairs.

"She is both a hunter and a healer, sometimes appearing as a beautiful (irresistibly seductive) woman and sometimes as a Hag. When she possesses a man, she does not take over the new host but she opens the man to the storm of incoming Jnun and Jinns, demons, and sorcerous particles of all kind; making the man a traffic zone of cosmodromic data. This is why she is feared. And she never leaves, she always resides in the man to guarantee his total openness which is not always pleasant. According to Moroccans, the only way to feel comfortable with Aisha (the new partner / lover) is participating with her especially through passionate and wild music rites."
Source: Tales of Taromet

An alternate proposal is that Kandicha was derived from a real historical figure, namely a Moroccan "countess" (contessa) from El Jadida who helped resist the Portuguese by seducing soldiers, who were then killed by Moroccan fighters lying in wait.


Witchcraft and wisdom of women Haha (in French - Amazigh
Sorcellerie et sagesse des femmes de Haha

Ibn Abdul Barr said, "The jinn, according to the scholars of the language,
are of different types:

  1. If one is mentioning the jinn purely of themselves, the are called jinni.
  2. If one is mentioning the jinn that live among mankind, they are called aamar
    whose plural is amaar.
  3. If one is mentioning the ones that antagonize the young, they are called arwaah.
  4. If one is mentioning the evil ones that antagonize humans they are called shaitan
    for the singular [and shayateen for plural].
  5. If they cause even more harm and become strong, they are called afreet."

Source: Book - "The World of the Jinn and Devils", p. 7

Seven kings of the Jinn are traditionally associated with days of the week.

  • Sunday: Al-Mudhib (Abu 'Abdallah Sa'id)
  • Monday: Murrah al-Abyad Abu al-Harith (Abu al-Nur)
  • Tuesday: Abu Mihriz (or Abu Ya'qub) Al-Ahmar
  • Wednesday: Barqan Abu al-'Adja'yb
  • Thursday: Shamhurish (al-Tayyar)
  • Friday: Abu Hasan Zoba'ah (al-Abyad)
  • Saturday: Abu Nuh Maimun

Source: Wikipedia / Robert Lebling (30 July 2010). Legends of the Fire Spirits: Jinn and Genies from Arabia to Zanzibar. I.B.Tauris. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-85773-063-3.

The Male Genie of Aladdin
Ajinnah Youssouf




Scientific study of the Moroccans and Islam

"90.9% of the respondents believe in the evil eye and more than 85% in jnoun and black magic (s'hour). 70.7% believe in the tqaf and 37.6% in clairvoyance. These variations are related to the degree of authority of the beliefs themselves.

Those relating to jnoun, black magic and evil eye are spent by both orthodox beliefs and local traditions, while tqaf and clairvoyance that are outside of local traditions.

There is a belief that people who are higher educated differ in opinion.High rates were observed among respondents with tertiary education: more than 77% believe in jnoun, the evil eye and black magic. Note also that the ritual practices and beliefs do not necessarily coincide: 67% of respondents do prayers while 91% believe in jnoun." Article | sam, 24/12/2012

According a survey undertaken by the Pew Research Center in 2012, at least 86% in Morocco, Muslims affirm the existence of jinn.

See also:


Links in English:

What Are Genies? ( Live science)

The World of the Jinn (part 1 of 2) (The Religion Of Islam)



Liens en francais:



Djinn, superstitions,



Djinns (Genies)

External Links

According to
Quran and Sunnah



Aicha Kandicha