Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

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The South Bastion tree

Hidden behind the South Bastion,
at Bab Marrakech, ( the citadelle Mohamadiya), there is an old big tree Phytolacca Dioïca. Often heard beeing called the Old Ficus tree or the old Fig tree.

Locate this sight on the Map of Essaouira Medina

Phytolacca Dioica

South Bastion

It is said that the tree was brought to Mogadouru (Essaouira) by the Portuguese. In that case it should be about 500 years old, but it is probably not more than 250 years old.

Phytolacca Dioïca

Phytolacca dioica, commonly known as ombú, is a massive evergreen herb native to the Pampa of South America. The bush has an umbrella-like canopy that spreads to a girth of 12 to 15 meters (40 to 50 feet) and can attain a height of 12 to 18 meters (40 to 60 feet). The ombú grows fast but being herbaceous its wood is soft and spongy enough to be cut with a knife.

Since January 2012
the entry to the site of the tree is closed.

Most branches has been cut off leaving only one living stem. It is said that in June 2011 it happened - there was a big noice and two main stems broke apart. It is easy to see that the wood had been soft and humid. The 250 years old tree is now waiting for a specialist of trees who will take care of what rests of the tree. It is not dead.



The closed entry to the site with the old tree

The closed entry to the site with the old tree
in the heart of the South Bastion.


The place in January 2015 Recovery or new plantation?

Pictures from January 2012

Virtual visit on the spot

The rest of the old tree

The big root of the old tree

Soft humid wood from the tree

The opened rootsystem of the tree


The South Bastion


Build in mid 18th century, during the reign of the Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah when the medina was walled and fortificated. It is a small fort with place for soldiers and material.
The round bastion survielled the place of Bab Marrakech and the aera outside the walls to the beach and Bab Sbaa.

North side of the South Bastion

The north side of the South Bastion
Today at this place you find the Cooperatives Artisanal.

South Basion

It is said that the South Bastion could be seen from Bordj el Baroud
and Borj el Assa, a defensive fort on the Island of Mogador.


Borj el Baroud

was an isolated fortress which served as a store for gunpowder probably situated somewhere between Bab Marrakech and Sidi Mogdoul. There are no traces left of it today caused by the new settlements and the construction of Boulevard Mohammed V.

Mogador beach A French general is entering the town from south at the beach

The beach 1920 before the construction of
Boulevard Mohammed V and the Dune quarters.
A French general entering the town of Mogador.

Map of Mogador Medina

Medina of Essaouira with the boulevard Mohammed V
and the plan of the new town south at the dunes.

Borj Marrakech Art Exibitions

Borj Marrakech ( Bastion Sud) has an exibition hall.

Pictures of the terrace of the south Bastion - Bab Marrakech you can find here! (External link)




The sugar refinery
Ida Ou Gourd