Morocco's electrical sector traditionally
has been controlled by the state-owned Office National
de l'Electricité (ONE),
which the government reorganized in 1995 in order to regain profitability.
Due to a growing population and economic development, Morocco's
electricity demand is increasing rapidly. Power shortages and
a desire to control public spending have led the Moroccan government
to make more use of the private sector to meet the country's power
needs. The state's share of electricity generation likely will
decline to 40 percent by 2020. However, ONE will continue to be
solely responsible for distribution and transmission of electricity
Known problems with electricity in Essaouira
BLACKOUTS or cut of eletricity supply comes
A known but rare problem is the variation in voltages as worst
380 Volt to households which has caused damage to electrical devices. Surge protective devices and automatic voltage
regulators protects from sudden risky shifts in current and voltage
which can cause severe damage on sensible electronic equipment.
Interference with Maroc telecom routers
An installation of LED lamps or a system of remote control of electricity can cause failure of Maroc Telecom Routers for ADSL and
Telephones, Internet and TV
2015. According to OOkla Netindex which measures the global download speed variation Morocco has in avarage 6.1 Mbps - not the worst result compared to countries in Africa but far too slow compared to Europe.
The top countries are Asian: Singapore (121.5), Hongkong (102.8), Japan (82.2),South Coree(59.5), Taiwan 50 Mbps.
Morocco is ranked 50th overall on the World
Wide Web Foundationon a total of 61 countries. ( 2011)
The cost of connectivity remains high which
prevents the Moroccans have access to basic services, including
health and education via the Internet.
At the end of January 2011, Morocco had 1.5 million ADSL and 3G internet access, and more than 13
million Internet users, representing a penetration rate
Sweden holds the top
spot of the World Wide Web Foundation, while Yemen farm walking.
Source: Bladi.net Pas de réel impact de l’Internet
sur la société marocaine
An internet café or cybercafé is a place which provides internet access to the public,
usually for a fee. The fee for using a computer is usually
charged as a time-based rate.
Cyber cafe or Internet cafe
hotspot is a site that offers Internet
access over a wireless local area network through the use of a router connected to a link to an Internet
service provider. Hotspots typically use Wi-Fi technology.
Hotspots may be found in hotels, coffee shops and
various other public establishments in Essaouira.
Parabol on rooftop protected by
Satellits: Nilesat, Hotbird
MT Box (Maroc Telecom): More than
25 local and international channels and more than 50 optional including
Maroc Telecom provide fixe line
telephone , ADSLA, mobil 3G mm
Inwi, Meditel.are mobil operators.
Téléboutiques - Téléphonie
There are many bank offices in Essaouira which have ATM machines but also foreign exchange service. Currency exchange.
The wind farm
Parc Eolien Amogdoul,
near Cap Sim, can be seen on the southern horizont from
At distance from Essaouira , south horizont , Borj
el Oued and the windfarm
The Amogdoul 60 MW wind farm started operation
on April 13th 2007.
Cap Sim near the wind parc, is among
Morocco's most western cape on the Atlantic coastline and enjoys
favorable trade wind conditions. Everage yearly speed
of the wind is 9 m/s.
It generates about 210 GWH of electricity
per year. This leads to the systemtatic reduction of 156.000 tonnes
of CO2 emissions per year. Configured with 71 individual
850 MW wind turbines, this wind farm also benefits from
the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) support sources
associated to environmental agreements from the Kyoto protocol.(http://www.saharawind.com)
A Road sweeper could make the town outside
the medina look better.
Projects with tiling of streets
and planting of trees is ongoing in Essaouira but the municipality
doesn´t finish the work and it is always untidy and dirty,
where work is underway. Usually, the maintenance of streets
is worst in places where house building is ongoing.
Lack of continuous care and watering of plantations etc gives
an impression of neglect. Essaouira's streets
provides an untidy impression and people are used to littering
and throwing household garbage in the streets. Sanitation is
also difficult because of the wind and the animals that are attacking garbage containers.
Some locations have a bad odor due to this and as well from
leaking wastewater in the streets. Most drains are clogged with
rubbish and it is not unusual that there is no manhole covers,
dangerous for pedestrians and certainly vehicles. Neighborhoods
in the medina and the town are occationally flooded by sewage.
Links in French (External links)