Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

En langue française



Essaouira Eco system

Human social interaction

Essaouira Beach in the summer

The beach in a calm warm summerday.
The water temperature is 14-18°
(57-65°F) all year round.

Urban city planning

The wall
The natural " green" belt,
is marked by the wall defining
the limit of urban expansion
in favour for a protected forest.

Locate this sight on the Map of Essaouira Town

Natural resources

Bohaira Lagoons

Bohaira Lagoons is a recreational aera
protected by the Green Belt Project

Locate this sight on the Map of Essaouira Town

Biological diversity
The dune forest

A wild dog in the forest

A wild dog hiding in the Mimosa

White bird


Endangered species
The Hellenic Ornithological Society

Endangered species: Eleonora's Falcon
viasits the Island of Mogador on its way to wintering in Madagascar. Returning in April and May.

See also Island of Mogador

Two stages make up the natural vegetation of Essaouira. These are the arid Mediterranean and the semi-arid
Mediterranean stages. They are characterised by Argania spinosa
and Thuja (Tetraclinis articulata) respectively.
Argania is an endemic species of south western Morocco where it plays great socio-economic and ecological roles.


Yellow flowers


Plants Bohaira Lagoons

Plants Bohaira Lagoons



The natural elements

The Atlantic wawes the rockding

Fragile for pollution by human interaction are the sea and the groundwater. The forest , the lagoons and the dunes are protected natural resources and there is a clear border between the town and the nature north and east of the town. But the strong persistent northern trade wind blows the sand in to the town and there are permanent movements of waterbeds and dunes.

The ramparts of the medina

The strong wawes and the tidal changes from the Atlantic Ocean is continuesly eroding the rocks but also the ramparts of the medina.

Aman collects the wood from the beach

The river Oued Ksob is in rainy and stormy periods bringing a lot of water,mud and broken trees and branches to the beach....

Flood in the streets when raining heavy

..... and also the rain causes flood in the streets.....
Avenue 2 mars
19/2 2010


Water cisterns

Water cisterns

Rainwater is collected in citernes.
Here are 3 water cisterns
in the village Aourir


The wind

Essaouira is known as the Wind City because of the frequent strong trade winds coming mostly from the north, Charki. In the summer part of the year it is a valuable asset for wind- and kite surfing but not for sunbathers.


Parc Eolien Amagdoul

Oelien Amogdoul

Near Cap Sim there is a wind farm of 71 individual wind turbines which enjoys the winds at the most western cap of the coast of Morocco. Everage yearly speed of the wind is 9 m/s.

Old wind mill

Older wind mill for pumping water
Sidi Kaouki

White flowers in late spring

Blue flowers


Protection of the sand dunes

Tree branches is covering the dunes protecting the sand from the winds


Les Dunes de sable à Mogador (1934) أرشيف زحف الرمال بموكادور




The mountains

The mountains giving rainwater for the rivers


The rivers

Oued Ksob-Ida Ougourd

Oued Ksob near Ida Ougourd in June 2010


Spt Naknafa Spring



Stones as building material.

Man with donkey in a village
A peasant with his donkey i a nearby village.
A rich supply of stones make up the walls
and is still the main building material for houses.

Stones supporting an old  stone wall

The stones are found everywhere
and is the basic building material.
The stones are supporting the wall.

Old house in Tidzi valley

Old house in the Tidzi Valley Mountains



Eco system

External links


Endangered species:
Eleonora's Falcon

in Morocco

Flora in Morocco