Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

En langue française

The National flag
of the Kingdom of Morocco

Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah
("The Western (Maghreb) Kingdom")
Local short form: Al Maghrib

National flag of the Kingdom of Morocco
Adopted 17 Nov 1915
created by Yusef of Morocco


Allah Al Watan al malik

Coat of arms of Morocco

Old Morocco flag during  the  French protectorate
13 Mar 1919 - 18 Feb 1956 Civil Ensign

Moroccan Navy emblem

Navy Emblem Morocco



The Flag of Morocko
has the royal colour red,
which symbolizes the decendants
of islamic Prophet Mohammed.

Old Morocco flag
1666 - 17 Nov 1915


The pentagram on the Moroccan flag
was introduced in 1912, when Morocco was placed under French protectorate.

The King, descendant of the Prophet, bears the title of Commander of the Faithful
Amir al-Mu'minin



Allah, Al Watan , Al Malik

Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik
Old school building


The Kingdom of Morocco is the 4th oldest monarchies in the world.
Founded 788 AD Idriss I (Idris ibn Abdallah)
The Idrisids, who ruled Morocco from 788-971, are often credited with establishing the first Moroccan state. Morocco’s current ruling family, the Alaouite dynasty, first rose to power in 1666. Over the years, the ruler of Morocco has used different titles such as sultan, but since 1957, the designation King has been used.
The country is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament and the throne is usually passed down through the male heirs of the Alaouite family.
The King of Morocco has a wide array of executive and legislative power, particularly over the military, foreign policy, and religious affairs

Kingdom of Morocco


Alawit flag

The Alawites were the first to use a red flag. Previous dynasties, Merinids and Saadians, used a white flag. The flag was hoisted every morning, and descended every evening, floating above the fortresses of Rabat and Sale.
Originally, this star had six branches (Sulayman star), but then it was reduced to 5 branches (pentagram), which allows the Moroccan flag to display the emblem of the 5 pillars of Islam.





Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik
( God, Homeland and King )
are final words in the Hymne Chérifien (Hymn of the Sharif),
which has been the anthem of the Kingdom of Morocko , even before the country gained its independence from France, 2 mars 1956.
Audio MP3

Upon the death of his father Mohammed V, King Hassan II succeeded to the throne in 1961. He ruled Morocco for the next 38 years, until he died in 1999. His son, King Mohammed VI assumed the throne in July 1999.

The Sultan and King
Mohammed V

14 Aug 1957 - 26 Feb 1961

The King
Hassan II
The father of Mohammed VI

26 Feb 1961 - 23 Jul 1999

List of rulers in Morocco
(Wiki External link)

Mohammed VI
Amir Al Mouminine
the present King of Morocco.

23 Jul 1999 -

Photos of the Moroccan kings on walls in national buildings, homes, shops and cafe´s.

The King Mohammed VI and the ceremony of allegiance.
Royal Palace Tetuan in 2009

On July 31 2011—a month after Morocco’s adoption of a new constitution— King Mohammed VI held the annual bay‘a ceremony, the most ostentatious of the monarchy’s traditional displays. Commemorating the king’s enthronement, bay‘a features all the pomp of a medieval pledge of fealty: government officials (along with state and local representatives) line up before the gates of the royal palace. The gates open, and the king appears, wearing the traditional white djellaba, and he passes amid the crowds of officials and dignitaries who all bow three times before him in a show of allegiance and shout “Our Lord bestows his blessing on you!

FARMAROC : Invité Spécial - Hassan II - 2 mai 1996 (vidéo inédite)


A la memoire d'un roi
Le defunt Roi Hassan II du Maroc

Moroccan national holidays

  • January 11: Proclamation of Independence (Takdim watikat al-istiqlal) Independence Manifesto Day (1944)
  • January 12
  • Amazigh New Year (Yennayer)
  • The Throne Day Eid (Eid Al-Ârch) celebrates on 30 July the accession to the Moroccan throne of Mohammed VI (1999)
  • August 20, Morocco is celebrating the anniversary of "Revolution of the King and the People” (Thawratou el maliki wa chaâb ), which illustrates the heroic struggle of the Alaouite Throne and the Moroccan people against occupation. On August 20, 1953 the French colonial authorities exiled the late King Mohammed V and the Royal Family. On November 18, 1955, King Mohmmed VI returned from exile to lead negotiations that led to the formal independence of Morocco a year later . A fiercer struggle started, to secure the country's economic and social development, perfect its territorial integrity and consolidate the rule of law. The kingdom gained independence from Frensh colonial rule on March 2nd 1956 and from Spain on April 7th ther same year. *Se article below
  • The King Mohammed VI birthday on August 21 also known as Youth Day -Fête de la Jeunesse (Aid Achabab).
    Born on August 21, 1963 in Rabat, king Mohammed VI was enthroned on July 23, 1999, after the demise of his father, late king Hassan II.
  • On 6 November, Green March Day (Eid Al Massira Al Khadra) is celebrated to commemorate the Moroccan march into Western Sahara in 1975
  • Independence Day (Eid Al Istiqulal) is celebrated on 18 November, commemorating the end of the French Protectorate in Morocco.

See Calendar for National Holidays and Islamic feasts.



Moroccan ROYAL WEDDING - Mohammed V 1925 First Marriage | 1920s Morocco - Soundtrack Om Kalthoum


 Mohammed V ben Youssef, born August 10, 1909 in Fez and died February 26, 1961 in Rabat, was Sultan (1927-1953) and King (1957-1961) after Morocco's independence in 1956.

Sultan Mohammed V in 1955

Moroccan Flag of Morocco celebrating the return from exile of Sultan Mohamed V, 1955.

Related internal links:

Throne Day

Independence Day

The Green March


Islamic Calendar

Mohammed III - The founder of the new town of Essaouira

Historic Timeline


Mohammed VI

The Morocccan king Mohammed VI
on a wall in a café Essaouira

Mohammed VI

Mohammed VI


1957 - Thge crownprince Hassan

1957 Crown prince Hassan
" Will the Crown Prince of Morocco give up the throne for a French woman?"


To read:

Morocco: Is the ‘Allegiance Ceremony' a Thing of the Past?
Global Voices (External link)

Discours du Roi Mohammed VI du 20 août 2012
Le Roi Mohammed VI a adressé lundi 20 août un discours à la Nation
à l’occasion du 59e anniversaire de la Révolution du Roi et du peuple. (external link)

 Liens externes en français:

Histoire : Comment le drapeau marocain a viré du blanc au rouge frappé d’une étoile verte

Le mystére du drapeau du Maroc

Le Roi Hassan II (

La monarchie marocaine d’Idris 1er à Mohammed VI (

«Mohammed V et l'histoire de l'indépendance du Maroc» (


Dans l'intimité du sultan Mohammed V

Document historique : le mariage de Mohamed V

Interview du Rabbin Albert Guigui Sur l'attitude du Roi du Maroc en 40-45

Génétiquement, les Maghrébins ne sont pas des Arabes (

Mohammed VI demande aux Marocains du monde de s’éloigner du discours djihadiste

Newsweek: la préservation de l’histoire juive du Maroc sous le règne de Mohammed VI


NEWS in English

Honouring Moroccan King Who Helped Save Jews (Islamic voice FEBRUARY 17, 2020)




Ecoutez ce qu’a dit Hassan II sur la propagande de l’islam par la force et l’épée (VIDEO)

Le Roi Hassan 2 du Maroc - Documentaire Français (Complet) (VIDEO)

1955 - Retour du Sultan Mohammed V et Indépendance du Maroc (VIDEO)

L'indépendance du Maroc 1956

Dans l'intimité du sultan Mohammed V





National flag of Morocko