Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

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Symbols in Mogador

Symbols of Morocco

Symbols of Islam

Symbols of Imazighen

Traditional symbols

Number symbols

Symbols of Christians

Symbols in Mogador Essaouira


The gate of the old town is inscribed with the Islamic Crescent,
the Star of Davidand the Scallop of Santiago.
Read more about the Scala of the port here!
(Internal link)


Barakat Mohammed


Barakat Mohammed

Arabic calligraphy and reads “Barakat Mohammed. The meaning in English:
" blessing of Mohammed – prophet of Islam".

It is dating from 18th century at the foundation of the town by the Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah al-Qatib ( Mohammed III c. 1710-1790), calling about divine protection of the town.



Symbols on door portals in Mogador

The Star of David


Rose with eight petals, thus Arab and Muslim

Rose with six petals Rose du Mogador

Rose with six petals
""Rose of Mogador"

Star Hanchane

A five pointed star also called the arabic star
on a house in Hanchane


6 petal flower


Six petal flower - with many names

Six petal flower, symbol of love.
Aphrodite´s Flower representing the Godess and Divine sexual energy. The number six is associated with femininity and considered a perfect and Divine number.

The solar mandala

The "Seed of Life" (Egg of life, Solar Mandala) is formed from seven circles being placed with sixfold symmetry, forming a pattern of circles and lenses, which act as a basic component of the Flower of Life's design. The Seed of Life is a symbol depicting the seven days of creation in which the Judeo-Christian God created life.

Flower of life

The Flower of Life (Creation Mandala) is the modern name given to a geometrical figure composed of multiple evenly-spaced, overlapping circles. They are arranged to form a flower-like pattern with a sixfold symmetry, similar to a hexagon. The center of each circle is on the circumference of six surrounding circles of the same diameter. It is considered by some to be a symbol of sacred geometry, said to contain ancient, spiritual value depicting the fundamental forms of space and time.


The six petals are said to symbolize the six days of creation or the six kingdoms: Animal, Human, Plant, Mineral, Angelic and Unknown. The Flower of Life has the same shape as a snowflake symbolizing water which is essential to all life. Another possibility is that the center is based on seven circles - six for the petals and one in the center. Seven is a mystical prime number associated with the Virgin.

The flower of Afhrodite

The flower of Afhrodite

The Flower is composed of six Vesica Pisces, the number six being the sexual number especially sacred to the Goddess Aphrodite.
Pythagoreans called six the perfect number, while the feminine and sexual connotations encouraged the Catholic Church to call six “the number of sin”.



A selection of symbols, carved in sandstone on the portals of doors in the medina.

Intepretation of the symbols.

1. The Star of David, a Jewish home. Under the star, two symmetrical elements, which symbolizes the living couple in this house, but having the form almost as a scorpion to move away the bad eye and the evil.

2. With the Rose with four petals, this house belongs to Christians. At bottom in form of two signs, face to face, symbol of love of thoose which lives this house.

3. Without star and religious membership, Two interlaced sheets which symbolize love of the couple owner of the house and in the medium the incipient flower which symbolizes their offspring.

4. Five snakes guards in top and an eye in lower part, It is a Muslim house since the five is crowned for them and the snake protects from the evil eye in lower part, plus two other symmetrical snakes which symbolize the couple residing in this residence and which keep between them the Star with five branch points of Islam.

5. A flower with five petal and seven sheets on the stem, symbol of a Muslim family.

6. A Rose with eight petals Arab, thus Muslim, and with two symmetrical animal forms symbolizing love of the living couple in this house.

7. The Star of David marks the presence of an Jewish family. With two identical and symmetrical forms which symbolize the couple.

8. The date in the middle; an eye to stop the evil eye, With two identical and symmetrical sides from the same family.

9. The Rose with eight petals, thus Arab and Muslim, with two branches of symmetrical olive-trees which symbolize that the couple which saw lives peacefully. The olive-tree being the symbol of peace or a couple which triumphs insofar as these branches are carried by the winners in reward.

Silvercoin from 1792 with the Rose of Mogador

Piece of a silver dirham minted in Mogador in 1792 and on which is engraved a rose with six petals called "Rose of Mogador"


The pentagram on the Moroccan flag
was introduced in 1912, when Morocco was placed under French protectorate.

Fivepoint star on mosque Sidi Magdoul

Fivepoint star
The mosque Sidi Magdoul


Eight point star Khatam


The eight-point star as a symbol marks early human understanding of the intellegent order that underlies our universe. Today, it carries religous and mystical associations. Known as the khatim (seal of the prophets)
in Islamic cultures.

The star of David

The star of David

L’Étoile de David – La Maguen David
( External link)

Signes distinctifs imposés
aux Juifs durant l'histoire

See also below:
The Seal of Melchizedek


the Flower of Life by Leonardo da Vinci'

Six petal symbols framed by a Hexagram.
Drawings of the Flower of Life
by Leonardo da Vinci's 15 century C.


Some of these symbols are used as witchcraft symbols for protection. Se picture here.

Witchcraft (also called witchery or spellcraft) broadly means the practice of, and belief in, magical skills and abilities that are able to be exercised individually by designated social groups, or by persons with the necessary esoteric secret knowledge.



Everything You Need To Know About Mandala Meaning (East Asian Cultures)






The seal of Solomon on a moroccan coin

Seal of Solomon on obverse of Moroccan 4 falus coin


The Seal of Solomon

In Medieval Jewish, Christian and Islamic legends, the Seal of Solomon was a magical signet ring said to have been possessed by King Solomon, which variously gave him the power to command demons, genies (or jinni), or to speak with animals.


Jewish star with a rose in the middle



Flower of life

The flower of life


The seed of life

The seed of life



Cultural and traditional symbols


The Hand of Fatima (Hamsa Hand ) with the evil eye
as decor of Cafe Hendrix Diabat.

According to traditional Islamic culture, the five fingers of Hamsa represent the five requirements of Islam, which are:

1. To profess your faith,
2. Pray,
3. Give Alms,
4. To Fast,
5. To undertake a Pilgrimage to Mecca

The five fingers of Hamsa also represent the prophet's family (ahl al-bayt). Prophet Muhammad represented by the thumb, Ali by forefinger, Fatima by middle finger, Hasan by ring finger and Hussein
by the little finger.

The "hamsa" is also a popular Jewish symbol depicting five fingers that serves as a reminder of the metaphorical "hand of God". It is derived from the symbol from the letter-form 'chamesh', which is the number five. For the Hindi and for the Jains, the symbol has roots in both 'hims' and the sanskrit verb 'hinasti', which leads to the interpretation 'ahimsa' means 'do not injure' or 'do not hurt'. In Buddhist texts 'ahimsa' (or its Pali cognate 'avihimsa' is the first of the five precepts (pancasila) which is to always abstain from killing.


Traditionally the liver, not the heart, is considered to be the symbol of love in Morocco.




Hamsa Hand - The Hand of Fatima

Hamsa is the hand of Prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatima. It is the symbol of patience, loyalty, faith and resistance against difficulties. According to common belief, it tells of the Fatima's struggle for dignity and her tough life. Thereby, purity, goodness and truth are blessed.
For centuries, Fatima’s Hand has been a powerful talisman for good luck and one of the most popular amulets in the world of Islam for protection. It is hung on the walls of the house as engraving in silver or gold or it is painted in red. It is believed that a house protected by the Hand of Fatima will not catch fire.
In Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia, ornaments of Fatima’s hand have the same meaning as evil eyes. In these countries, the miracle of the hand is given a great deal of importance.

The Fatimas hand on a ship

A red painted hamsa hand at the top of a fishingboat mast.
Red and green - the coloos of the Moroccan national flag.




Evil eye colors

Wearing evil eye jewelry is in fashion .
It is said they will keep you protected
while being fashionable.


The 3,000-year-old secret
to a successful business?

(BBCVideo about protection from the evil eye)



Decortion of carpet The eye

The evil eye symbol as a pattern on carpets

Souce: The Fabric of Moroccan Life



RED is the color of love and blood therefore, it is associated with energy, strength, power, determination as well as passion and desire. It is the most powerful color for protection against the Evil eye.

DARK BLUE is the traditional color for good karma, positive energies and protection against the Evil Eye.

LIGHT BLUE is the color of the sky so it symbolizes truth and provides direct protection against the Evil Eye.


Some people, life forms and geological formations possess baraka, a blessing from God. Baraka can be transferred to symbols and designs that have protective power to ward off the "evil eye." The "evil eye" is a stare or glance that can bring illness or misfortune to individuals.





Zellige pattern

By the middle-ages, the eight-point star is widely used as a symbol in Islamic art. It is called khatim or khatim sulayman, seal of the prophets, as in signet ring. The phrase “seal of the prophets” is also used in the Koran and has particular ideological meaning for Muslims. Moroccan zillij artisans also refer to the eight-point star as sibniyyah, sabniyyah, which is a derivative of the number seven sab’ah.
In the middle the 16 petals fower ...



Zellige (zillij or zellij) is terra cotta tilework covered with enamel in the form of chips set into plaster. It is one of the main characteristics of the Moroccan architecture.
Zellige is typically a series of patterns utilizing colorful geometric shapes. This framework of expression arose from the need of Islamic artists to create spatial decorations that avoided depictions of living things, consistent with the teachings of Islamic law.





Election posters from Essaouira

Symbols of political parties



Decorated door

Detail of door dedoration, Marrakech, Morocco.

This piece of wood decoration displays in the center the 12 petals "niloufar" (Persian meaning lotus or water lily), a representation of the purity of heart and mind. The Suddha "heart" chakra is associated with air and a 12-petalled red lotus (in Kundalini practise)

Symbols of Imazighen (Berbers)




yaz Ancient berber script

yaz [z]

Amazigh (Free Man) or "Berber" Symbol

Amazigh symbol on roadstone


Graffiti Mella Essaouira Medina

YAZ Graffiti
Essaouira Medina



Berber signs

The ancient Berber script, Tifinagh, was developed around 500 BC, from the Pheonicians.

The Symbol represents Freedom seen by the Imazighen of North Africa. It was used in the war as a weapon and also represents the last letter 'Z' of the Tifinagh Alphabet. It is aslo called the AZA sign of the Imazighen people used in the middle of the Amazigh flag.

Berber flag

The flag is composed of blue, green, and yellow horizontal bands of the same height, and a Tifinagh letter yaz or aza.

Each color corresponds to an aspect of Tamazgha, the territory inhabited by Berbers in North Africa:

blue represents the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean;
green represents nature and the green mountains;
yellow represents the sands of the Sahara Desert.
The yaz symbolizes the "free man", which is the meaning of the Berber word amazigh, the Berbers' own name for themselves. It is in red, the color of life, and also the color of resistance.

The Berber flag thus symbolizes the entire Amazigh people, living in harmony with their land, Tamazgha.

Les tatouages berbères (External link in French

Le drapeau amazigh quelle explication? (



Piled stones at the countryside











Les Symboles Berbères


le rituel : les tatouages berbères


Les tatouages berbères


Owners sign on dromedar in the lagoon forest

The owner's sign of the dromedars. Lagoon forest.

Symbols of Morocco




National flag of the Kingdom of Morocco

Current since 1915-11-17
created by Yusef of Morocco


National flag and state ensign
of Morocco

The flag of Morocco is made of a red field with a black-bordered green pentagram. Red has considerable historic significance in Morocco, proclaiming the descent of the royal Alaouite family from the Prophet Muhammad via Fatima, the wife of Ali, the fourth Muslim Caliph.The red background on the Moroccan flag represents hardiness, bravery, strength and valour, while the green, five-pointed star represents the Solomon’s seal.


Coat of arms of Morocco

Coat of arms of Morocco

The current coat of arms of Morocco (formally; the royal coat of arms) was introduced 14 August 1957. It was developed by the graphic artists Gauthier and Hainaut and shows a green pentagram on a red background before the Atlas Mountains and a rising sun. The royal crown is on top. Two lions function as the holders of the shield. The ribbon underneath, the Arabic inscription is written: (If you glorify God, he will glorify you) (Qur'an, Verse 7, Sura 47).


The Atlas Lion

Lion on Moroccan stamp


TIDE 1969

Publicite Tide 1969 (Video from



The Lion

The Barbary Lion (Panthera leo leo), often considered the national emblem of Morocco.

The last known Barbary lion in the wild was shot in the Atlas Mountains in 1922.

The national fotball team of Morocco is called " The Lions of the Atlas"














Classic TIDE advertisment from 1969

Thanks to the mother's advice about the new detergent TIDE succeeds wife with the white laundry!






Symbols of Islam



The name of God



Allah in arabic


The word Allah, in Arabic.
1. alif
2. hamzat wa
3. lam
4. lam
5. shadda
6. alif khanjariyya
7. ha



Allah painted on the door to  the tomb of Sidi Yacoub

painted on the door to the tomb of Sidi Yacoub



The eight pointed star

Khatim - ther eight pointed star

The eight pointed star (Khatim) is prevalent throughout most of the Muslim world. It can be seen on flags, mosques, and Qurans.

This is not really a symbol of Islam per se. But Muslims have always used geometry and shapes to express themselves artistically. This is mostly because Islam generally looks down upon drawing, painting, or sculpting images of living creatures.

So Muslims of the past used Arabic calligraphy and shapes to create beautiful Islamic designs. The 8 pointed star is a result of this.



Green flags
Regraga in Essaouira
Detail of painting by Roman Lazarev


The color green

The color green has a special place in Islam. It is used in the decoration of mosques, the bindings of Qur'ans, the silken covers for the graves of Sufi saints, and in the flags of various Muslim countries. Green has been associated with Islam for many centuries. The color green was the color used by Muhammad’s tribe on their flags. According to Muslims the color green symbolizes nature and life. In the Qur'an (Surah 76:21), it is said that the inhabitants of paradise will wear green garments of fine silk. The color green has been considered especially Islamic for centuries.
Crusaders avoided using any green in their coats of arms, so that they could not possibly be mistaken for their Muslim opponents in the heat of battle.




Crescent of a mosque

Crescent at the mosque of Frina

The minaret of the Ben Youssef mosque

The minaret
of the Ben Youssef mosque.

The minaret is topped with 3
copper balls of decreasing size,
a traditional design in Morocco.
There is a common idea that the 3 balls on top means that
there is a Friday prayers serviceat that specific mosque, but there are a lot more about the meaning of the balls on the minaret. Read more in Architectur Mosques



Green Crescent sign of pharmacy

The cresent on a pharmacy door


Pentagram and moon  crescent
The green pentagram and the moon crescent on a ship


99 names of Allah

99 names of Allah.


The crescent

An Islamic symbol , the crescent as a religious symbol has joined the ranks of the Christian cross and the Jewish star of David.

Before Islam, the crescent was the symbol of Sassanids and after capturing Persian lands, the crescent has been adopted by Muslim Arabs and later by Islamic faith.

Note that in the case of an astronomical crescent, such as the moon observed in the sky, the outer arc will be 180° (a half-circle as previously mentioned), while the Islamic crescent symbol (hilal) is generally shown with an outer arc significantly greater than 180° (as seen in the illustrations here).

The crescent was not a symbol used for Islam by Muhammad, as Islam is against appointing "Holy Symbols" (so that during the early centuries of Islam, Muslim authorities simply didn't want any geometric symbols to be used to symbolize Islam, in the way that the cross symbolizes Christianity, the menorah was a commonly-occurring symbol of Judaism, etc.). This is why early Islamic coins were covered with Arabic writing, but contained no visual symbols.

The crescent is Islam’s accidental symbol most commonly associated with pharmacy. Morocco alternates between green crosses and green crescents.

Number 7 in Islam

There are seven verses in the first sura (chapter) in the Qur’an

During the rituals of Hajj, the pilgramage to Mecca, pilgrims walk around the Kaaba seven times.

Pilgrims also walk/run between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah seven times.

Pilgrims are also required to throw seven pebbles at each of the three walls representing the Devil.

Number six in Islam

There are six, for Sunnis, Articles of Faith (belief in One God; the angels of God; the books of God; the prophets of God; the Day of Judgment ; and the supremacy of God’s will).


Number 5 in Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam



Barnaby Rogerson's: Nineteen Islamic Numbers



Prayer beads

Prayer beads are also known as Masbaha, Sibha or Tasbeeh and are an important symbol used in Islam to help with meditation. Islam prayer beads have 99 individual beads, each bead represents one of the ninety-nine names of Allah, the one hundredth name is known to Allah alone. The beads help the user to count the number of prayers said.



Christian symbols


Picture from:

The fact that Jesus, the lord and savior, was put to death on the cross
made it the most prominent symbol for Christians around the world.


Fish symbol


The ichthys or ichthus, from the Greek ikhthýs (1st cent. , "fish" is a symbol consisting of two intersecting arcs, the ends of the right side extending beyond the meeting point so as to resemble the profile of a fish. The symbol was adopted by early Christians as a secret symbol. It is now known colloquially as the "sign of the fish" or the "Jesus fish"


The Seal of Melchizedek

Sybol on doorportal in Hanchane

Symbol on door portal in Hanchane
Six petal flower inscribed in two squares, 45 degrees offset,
creating an eight-point star
. The Seal of Melchizedek is the symbol of Christ.
The meaning of The Seal of Melchizedek
(External link)

Anchor Anchor pictogram.svg Mariner's Cross.svg

Christians adopted the anchor as a symbol of hope in future existence
because the anchor was regarded in ancient times as a symbol of safety.
It brings together the cross and nautical Christian symbolism
and it symbolizes the Christian hope in Christ amid a turbulent world.

Scallop shell

Scallop shell on the entrance door of Bab el Mersa

The shell of St James

The seashell's spiritual meaning
In Christianity, scallop shells are symbolic dating back to ancient times,
as they represent protection of pilgrimages.
The scallop shell is also associated with the apostle James.



Sandstone symbol

Two eightpoint stars in two geometrical figures (eight points) linked together.



Seven snakes?

Decoration of a door portal made of sandstone.

The hand of Fatima

Decoration on fishing boat

Symbols on boat

Graffiti Rue Iraq Detail

Graffiti Rue Iraq Detail

Graffiti Rue Iraq Detail

Graffiti Rue Iraq Detail

See this graffiti on the wall here

A symbol of this type used by the Japanese emperor has 16 petals. "Flower signs" with this number of "petals" were also used in the Euphrates culture around 2000 B.C. The sign appears with 12 petals on a procession relief in Persepolis, dated back to around 500 B.C., on a bronze mirror from about 200 B.C. in China, and on a wall painting from Benin, Africa, and the sixteenth century.

Number symbols

Number seven in religion and mythology.

Number seven in Islam - se above Symbols in Islam

The seven saints of Marrakech, usually called Sbaatou Rijal (the "seven men" *)
The theologian Abderrahman al-Hamadani said that God created seven heavens, seven stars, seven earths and the hell with seven floors and seven gates. He added that God had adorned the world of seven words - la-ilaha-illa-allah Mohamed-Rasoul Allah ("There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is the prophet of God") - and the world in seven provinces .

When a woman gives birth, she must withdraw with her ??newborn in the room where the delivery took place during a period of seven days, and the child is baptized at the seventh day.

During circumcision, a circumcised child and his mother make a seven-day retreat in a room of the house because circumcision is considered a "second birth".

Similarly, after the wedding, the couple are isolated for seven days in the bridal chamber. This practice would provide, according to Mohammed Boughali essayist, "to prevent the secret wife disrupt domestic harmony by the power that it brings" until "space which it has been integrated is used to his presence. "

Finally, after his return from the pilgrimage to Mecca, the pilgrim cloister seven days in his room.

The Seed of Life is a symbol depicting the seven days of creation in which the Judeo-Christian God created life.

The Flower of Life is based on seven circles - six for the petals and one in the center. Seven is a mystical prime number associated with the Virgin.

*) A number of holy women are also worshiped. Celebrated by the Gnawa brotherhood in Fez, Lalla Mimouna is probably the best known. But Lalla R'Kia is sought by many women who are unable to have children. Lalla Mahla is itself famous for its beauty and scholarship. Sometimes these women have become holy simply because their marabouts fathers had no male offspring ...

The seven colors of Gnawa

Liens en français:

Maroc: à la découverte des sept saints de Marrakech (


LE CHIFFRE 7, par Jacques Hadida

Le fil rouge des kabbalistes

Le chiffon jaune, par Sarel

Le 13, mon nombre préféré.


Related topics (External links in English) :

Alain.R.Truong: The meaning and history of the colour blue explored
in exhibition at the National Gallery of Victoria.

Essaouira, symbol and example of tolerance
The history of the Moroccan coastal city is based on peaceful coexistence and respect between religions


witchcraft symbols


Fibonacci The Golden Ratio

The Fibonacci spiral: an approximation of the golden spiral created by drawing circular arcs connecting the opposite corners of squares in the Fibonacci tiling; this one uses squares of sizes 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13 and 21.

Fibonacci Numbers (Wiki)




Street Art Paints
Christian Guémy

External links

Flag of Morocco

Coat of arms of Morocco


The Barbary Lion

Le symbol de la khamsa

Symbols of Islam


The star and cresent

Morocco Historical Flags

Berber Symbols and Tattoos

Berber Symbols

Berber flag

8-Point Star symbol

The Seal of Solomon

The meaning of
The Seal of Melchizedek

Flower of Life

Star of David

Signs and Symbols
Judaism 101

Christian symbolism

The Fabric of
Moroccan life
carpet symbols

Ancient Symbols