Exploration of the Atlantic Coastlines
Mogador is an ancient
Phoenician site on the west coast of Morocco,
and is the most remote permanent settlement known with respect
to the homeland in Tyre. Established in the 6th
century BC according to A. Jodin, the original
excavator on the island, the site falls within customary
parameters for Phoenician site selection, lying
near the outlet of a coastal estuary with a good natural
harbour, and having good access to stone building material.
Prior to arrival of the Phoenicians in this coastal area
of Morocco, the indigenous peoples were generally interior
peoples known even today as Berber tribes;
these nomads lived simply as early as 4000 BC
and left little architectural trace; they were called ‘'Maures'‘
by the Romans leading to the region's early Roman
name of Mauretania.
Source; Promontory Fort / Cliff Castle
A Greek translation of a Punic
(Carthaginian) inscription states that Hanno,
a Carthaginian, was sent forth about 500
BC with 60 ships and 30,000 colonists to found
cities. Even allowing for a possible great exaggeration
of numbers, this expedition, if it occurred, can hardly
have been the first exploratory voyage along the coast of
Hanno founded Thymiaterion (now Kenitra,
Morocco.) and built a temple at Soloeis
(Cape Cantin, now Cape Meddouza).
He then founded five additional cities in and around present
Morocco, including Carian Fortress
(Karikon Teichos) and Acra (Agadir).
The Carian Fortress
(Karikon Teichos) is perhaps to be
identified with Essaouira on
the Moroccan coast, where archaeological
remains of Punic settlers have been found.
See: Origin of the name Mogador.
Hanno evidently reached the coast of present Gambia
or of Sierra Leone and may have ventured as far
There is no record that Hanno's voyage was followed up before
the era of Henry the Navigator, a Portuguese
prince of the 15th century.
Source: A brief History of European
Exploration of the World
Plano y perfil del Puerto de Mogodor
"Cañas fecit in Mogodore,
Island of Mogador 1764