Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco
Essaouira

 
En langue française
 

Glossary

 

Names of Streets and Places
in the medina of Essaouira

The main arthery of the medina begins in Bab Doukala in the North and reaches Bab El Menzah in the South.
This Avenue has not only one name. It is divided into four parts with different names.
Knowing the local names make it easier to find locations.

Streets in the Medina

Old names

New names

Local name

Avenue du Général Poyemireau
Avenue Mohammed Zerktouni
Khodara
Avenue du Maréchal Franchet d´Espérey
Avenue de L´Istiqlal
Haddada
Avenue du Maréchal Lyautey
Avenue Ogba Ibn Nafii
Magana
Rue de la Médina
Avenue Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah
Mellah Qadim
Rue Victor Hugo
Rue Mohammed Al Qori
Souk Ouaqa
Place du Chayla
Place Moulay Hassan
 
 
Other street names

 
 
Boulevard Al Massira
Bin Alaarasi
 
Avenue Al Aqaba
Autoroute
 

Boulevard Mohammed V

 
 
End at the Medina and the Port
Bab Sbaa
 
Beginning of the Boulevard
 
On the middle at the Beach
Dar Brahim Ohamo
     

The old names reflects the influence of the French Protectorate. The new names
with arabic connotation. Unfortunately, several well-known important personalities of Essaouira, has not got any street named after them such as:
Ahmed Al Alj - the architecte of the magnificent door of Scala the Port, Omar Al Alj - a brave soldier who heroically died in the bomardement of Essaouira by the French 1844 and Haïm Pinto - Saint Rabbi.

More about names of persons in Icons

 

Old French name of street

Old French name: Rue de Doullen for today Derb Morabitin
Essaouira Medina Chabanat

Names of places

Notes


Agadir
Agherd
Aghmat
Ain Lahjar
Ait Daoud, Es sebt Ait Daoud,
Ait Idir, Cascade Sidi M´bark
Aït Zelten
Akermoud, Akarmoud , Aqarmoud, Aquermoud
Amagdoul
Arambys
Asla (Smimou)

Bab Al Bahar
Bab Doukkala,Doukala
Bab El Menzah
Bab El Mersa
Bab Marrakech
Bani Antar
, Bni Anter
Bhibah, Bhaybah, Id Biba Bhibah,
Bohaira, Bouhaira,El Bouhaira,Bouhayra, Lot Lagune,
Birkouate, Bir Kouat,
Bouakhir, Bouakher,
Boukho (Sidi Kaouki),

Chbanat, Chabanate

Derb Ahl Agadir
Diabat, Diabet, Diabate,
Djebel Hadid
Douar Al Arab,Douar Laarab, Larba,
Douar Cheikh Taguent

Elhanchane, El Hanchane,
El Jazouli
Essaouira, Esawira,(ESAUIRA)
Souira,Souera,/Etymology/

Errounak

Foulouste

Ghazoua, El Ghazouane,

Had Draa, Souk el Had du Drâa,El Had, El Had des Draa,
Had Draâ,
Had Zelten
Haddadah
Henchene, Hanchen, El hanchane
Ida ou Azza

Ida ou Gourd, Ida Ougourd Ida Ougord, Aguerd, Larba Ida Ougord, Ida Ouegrd,
Ida ou Mada
Ida ou Tghma,Ida Ou Tghoumma,
Ida Ouisarne, Ida Wissarne, Ida Ou Insarn
Iftane, Ifthane
Iles Purpuraires
Imin Taqandout
Imintlit , Imint'lit, Souk Imine Tlit , Imin´tlit,
Island of Mogador

Jbel Hadid, Jbel Lahdid, Jebel el Hadid,Jebel Haddid,
Mountain of iron, Montagne de Fer,Jbal Lahdid,

Kariton Teikos
Kasbah
Khemis Meskala
Khemis Oulad Haj
Khodara
Korak Korakan

Laalouj
Lalla Taqandout

Mâachate
Magana
Marrakech
Medina
Mellah Qadim
Meskala
Mogador Bay
Mogador Island, The Islands of Mogador,the Purple Island,
 Les îles purpuraires,Ile aux Pigeon,La Grande Ile, Ile d´Mogador, Ile d´Essaouira, l'ilot d' Essaouira,
Mogador, Mogadour,Mogdura,Mogadouro, Mougadir, Megoudar (Amagdoul), Essaouira,as-sawira,Es-Saouira, Souira,Souirah, Surah, Souera,Tassort, Tassorte, Tassourte (Berber),
Moulay Bouzerktoun, Moulay Bouzerktoune, Moulay Bou Zerktoun, Moulay Bouzerqtoun, My. Bouzerktoun, Moula Dourayn,
Mur Carien

Naknafa

Oum el Aioun
Ounara, Ounagha,
Plage Iftane
Safi
Saint-Malo
Scala, Sqala, Skala,Scala Kasbah, Scala Port, Sakala,Sekkala, Sakkala,Sakla,Sakala Jdida,
Sebt Neknafa

Sidi Abdeljalil
Sidi Ahmed Essayeh
Sidi H med ou Hamed
Sidi Embark, Sidi M barek
Sidi Ishaq
Sidi Kaouki, Sidi Kauki,Kaouki,Kouki, Kaoky,Sidi Kawaki,
Sidi Magdoul, Sidi Mogdoul, Sidi Megdoul, (Amagdoul, Amigdal,)
Smimou, Smimo
Souk El Had Draa,
Souira Guedima,Kadima,Kediam, Kdima, Qadima, Qdima,Laqdima, Souiria, Souira Qadima
Souira,Souera (Essaouira)
Souk Jdid
Souk Ouaqa

Tafouloust (Sidi Kauki)
Tafetna,Tafedna,Tafadna,Cap Tafelney
Tagouidirt
Takate
Talaïnt
Talmest
Tassourt, Tassourte,
Tazrout
Thamuziga
Tidzi
Tleta Hanchane

Zerrar

 

Names of persons

 

Ahmed El Alj, ("Ahmed the Renegade"), Ahmed el Inglizi ("Ahmed the English")
Aldo Berti
Ali Bey el-Abassi
André Azoulay
Auguste Beaumier (School)
Barisien
Boujemâa Lakhdar
Chaabi Lil Iskane
Cheikh Naçiri de Tamgroute
Dr Bouveret
El Maâllem Mahmoud Guinia
Frédéric Damgaard
George Höst,Georg Höst
Haïm Pinto

Houssein Miloud
Jimi Hendrix

Lahoucine Chahdid
MacDougal
Mahmoud Guinia
Manuel I
Mohammed III
Mohamed Tabal
Mohammed Toufeelaaz.
Mohammed VI
Moulay Abdelaziz
Moulay Abderrahmane
Moulay Ismail Alaoui

Mustapha El Harchi
Orson Welles
Pizzigani 
Ptolemy

Roggero Gian Giocomi

Sidi Abdeljalil
Sidi Ahmed Essai,
Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah

Sidi Ouasmin, Sidi Ouasmine,

Sidi Slimane el Jazouli


Théodore Cournut
Vauban
Youba, Juba


 

Arabic words

Caid
 tujjâr al-sultân 
barakat
Casbah, Kasbah, Qasbah, Qassabah, Qsbah
cheikh
Daour
dar
dar
Dar Al Makhzen
derb
djebel

fquih
Hadj
Istikhara
jmaa
Joutiya
kasbah
khalifa
koubba
Maâlem
malik
maqâm
marabout
mechouar
medina
mellah
Migdal
oued
souk
sultan
Tabiya
tadelakt
wadi
Zouak

Translations


Ain = ( ex. Ain Lahjar )

Aït =(ex. Ait Daoud )

Ida = (ex. Ida ou Gourd )

 

ibn = patronymic ("son of") in Arabic personal names (e.g. Ibn Battuta)

douar = the term "douar" means "village [or] a group of rural dwellings" which includes 50 to 400 households, with a more dispersed habitat plain that montagne. It is commonly the basic unit of the rural municipality but douars are not included in the official geographic coding and administrative service to another, and list the names of douars may change.

 

The culture

 

Alaouite
Amazighen
Arabs
Chiadma
Chleuh
Gnaoua, Gnawa,
Haha

Hippies
Jews
Kabla
Regraga
Sahel

 

The nature

 

Jebel Amsittene,Amadel Amsiten
Amadl Ouamsitn, Amadal Wamsiten, Amadl Wamsitn

Amkdour (Oued Ksob)
Eleonora's Falcon

Jebel Hadid; Jebl Lahdid
Hexaplex trunculus,
Igrunzar
Imin Taqandout
Mtougga
Oued Aghbalou
Oued Ait ou Adil
Oued Ksob, (Ingrouzar, Igouzoulane,Oued Zelten
Oued Souss
Oued Tahria
Oued Tidzi
Oued Tensift

Wadi al Gared

 


 

Buildings

 

Auguste Beaumier (School)

Bab Manjana, Royal door, Porte Royal,(Magana)
Bab Labhar, Bab Bni Anter
Ben Hamidouch Kasbah
Borj el Oued, The Portugeese Fort,Fort Portugais,Castle in the sand,
Borj Souira
Castello Real,Castelo Real,Chateau Royal, The Royal Palace,
citadelle Mohamédia

CHP Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah  (Hospital)
Dar Caid Hadji, Dar el-Qayed El-Hajji
Dar el Makhzen
Dar sultan el Mahdouma 
Dar Sultan,Dar al Sultan,Dar-es-sultan, Dar Soultane,Dar Soltane, The White house, La Masion Blanche,
Lycee Akensous
Scala (Sekala),Skala,
Scala of the Kasbah
Scala of the Port, Porte Marine,
The Palm Tree House, Palmera House, La Palmera, Tagouidirt

 

 

Arabic words

Translation in English

   
bab Door, gate
Barakat Mohammed " blessing of Mohammed
– prophet of Islam"
.
Barakat Mohammed
caid Qadi is a judge ruling in accordance with the sharia, Islamic religious law appointed by the ruler of a Muslim country. Because Islam makes no distinction between religious and secular domains, qadis' traditionally have jurisdiction over all legal matters involving Muslims. The judgment of a qadi must be based on ijmah, the prevailing consensus of the ulema, Islamic scholars.
A qadi must be an adult male. He must be a free man, a Muslim, sane, unconvicted of slander and educated in Islamic science.
A kaid or caïd is a title for a leader of a clan , tribu .The residence of the caid was the Kasbah
cheikh sheijk, shaykh, In Berber amghar, It is commonly used to designate an elder of a tribe, a revered wise man, or an Islamic scholar. Leader of the Jmaa.
Dar Al Makhzen Makhzen is a Moroccan Arabic term for the governing elite in Morocco.The Makhzen is a very ancient notion in Morocco, it roughly coincides with the notion of the ancien feudalist state predating The French protectorate. Resident-General General Lyautey a fervent proponent of indirect colonisation, especially in Berber speaking areas, has kept that role and even enhanced it by given an important role to local notabilities such as T'hami El Glaoui, to act as a relay between the population and the French authorities to govern the country
dar "house", '"structure", "place", "land" or "country".
djebel jebl, djebel, mountain
douar Douar means a rural municipality or a district of a city
duwwar = circle of tents
fquih Fqih, faqih, Teacher of Islam, expert in Islamic Law
jmaa the clan, commune, all men in a village,
kasbah A kasbah (casbah, Qassabah,al-qasbah ) is a type of medina, Islamic city, or fortress (citadel).
It was a place for the local leader to live and as a defense when the city was under attack. A kasbah has high walls which usually have no windows. Sometimes, they were built on the top of hill to make them easier to defend. Some of them were also placed near the entrance of harbors.
The "Kasbah" in Essaouira medina is the southern quarters near the port where the foreign consulates was found in the 18-19 th centuries. See Consulates in the medina

khalifa The term caliphate "dominion of a caliph ('successor,'), refers to the first system of government established in Islam, and represented the political unity of the Muslim Ummah (nation). In theory, it is a constitutional republic, which means that the head of state, the Caliph, and other officials are representatives of the people and must govern according to an existing constitutional law that limits the government's power over citizens. califa,
koubba Koubba or Koubbèh (from Arabic koubba = dome, cupola). - Monument erected on the grave of a revered figure, or in a place where he stayed. The koubba, which occur mainly in North Africa, consisting of a cubic part surmounted by a spherical dome or arched, sometimes decorated with a crescent, and their size rarely exceeds 4 meters square, and some of them present in their interior a little room where you can find shelter. In colonial times, the French gave to these constructs the improper name of marabout.
Maâlem maaâlem, master
maqâm house,place, location, rank - also he system of melodic modes used in traditional Arabic music
malik king
marabout saint, holy man, teacher, grave of holy man,shrine See also Koubba
mellah jewish quarters
oued see wadi
souk (weekly) market
sultan Sultan is a title, with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic language abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", or "rulership", meaning "authority" or "power". Later, it came to be used as the title of certain rulers who claimed almost full sovereignty in practical terms (i.e. the lack of dependence on any higher ruler), without claiming the overall caliphate, or it was used to refer to a powerful governor of a province within the caliphate.
The dynasty and lands ruled by a sultan are referred to as a sultanate
.
toujjar es-soltane, tujjâr al-sultân sultan's traders
wadi Oued,, a valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse, a river. Rivers
Zouak Painting on wood

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Glossary
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Glossary of Islam