As the previous economic base of fisheries
is in crisis, urban employment is limited to tourism
and handicraft production. This has had severe
repercussions on the quality of life and the environment.
The cultural heritage has suffered degradation and continued
expansion of the city inland is threatening its fragile ecosystem
and the very survival of the town.
Capacity-building efforts focus on setting priorities for action,
targeted human resources development, institutional
strengthening, development and adaptation of tools, encouraging
partnerships, mobilization of resources, and promoting exchange
between cities facing similar problems.
UN Habitat project and its partners
has eveloped action plans, addressing issues such as the protection
of the collapsing sea retaining wall and dilapidated
city gates, a revitalisation plan for the Mellah
area and development of an urban park as a
buffer zone between housing estates and a dune forest.
UN Habitat Localising Agenda 21
Mogador, Essaouira Tourism Project
King Mohammed VI launched
the “The Plan Azur Vision 2010” strategic
tourist development program in January 2001, aiming to make
Morocco one of the world’s premier tourist
destinations with a target of 10 million visitors in 2010 and
to create 600.000 new jobs.
In the area of Diabat this development will
measure in the region of 5,700.000 m2. The main features of
this development are sure to be the two Gary
Player golf courses. One of 36 holes the other 18. The hotels,
riads, villas, golf academy and practice course are laid out
along the two spectacular courses facing the sea.It also incorporates
the upgrading of motorways and roads.
Essaouira expansion to Ghazoua
Because of dune forest and the green
belt there is a limit in the expansion of the city towards north
Chaabi Lil Iskane,began
the construction of a new city: Essaouira El Jadida
in Ghazoua ( 8km south of Essaouira). The small village
in the countryside has developed into a residential area with
villas, small buildings and businesses.