Mobile Masts camouflaged as palm trees La station Mogador-Essaouira (Diabat)
88% of the population in the province
of Essaouira have access to electricity, which is still well below
the regional average (93%) and national (97%)
Morocco's electrical sector traditionally
has been controlled by the state-owned Office National
de l'Electricité (ONE),
which the government reorganized in 1995 in order to regain profitability.
Due to a growing population and economic development, Morocco's
electricity demand is increasing rapidly. Power shortages and
a desire to control public spending have led the Moroccan government
to make more use of the private sector to meet the country's power
needs. The state's share of electricity generation likely will
decline to 40 percent by 2020. However, ONE will continue to be
solely responsible for distribution and transmission of electricity
Electricity in Morocco is 220 Volts, alternating
at 50 cycles per second.
Outlets will fit the two-pin plug
known as the Europlug.
Known problems with electricity in Essaouira
BLACKOUTS or cut of eletricity supply comes
A known but rare problem is the variation in voltages as worst
380 Volt to households which has caused damage to electrical devices.
Surge protective devices and automatic voltage
regulators protects from sudden risky shifts in current and voltage
which can cause severe damage on sensible electronic equipment.
Interference with Maroc telecom routers
An installation of LED lamps
or a system of remote control of electricity
can cause failure of Maroc Telecom Routers for ADSL and
Telephones, Internet and TV
2015. According to OOkla Netindex which measures the global download speed variation Morocco has in avarage 6.1 Mbps - not the worst result compared to countries in Africa but far too slow compared to Europe.
The top countries are Asian: Singapore (121.5), Hongkong (102.8), Japan (82.2),South Coree(59.5), Taiwan 50 Mbps.
The cost of connectivity remains high which
prevents the Moroccans have access to basic services, including
health and education via the Internet.
At the end of January 2011, Morocco
had 1.5 million ADSL and 3G internet access, and more than 13
million Internet users, representing a penetration rate
Sweden holds the top
spot of the World Wide Web Foundation, while Yemen
Source: Bladi.net Pas de réel impact de l’Internet
sur la société marocaine http://www.bladi.net/world-wide-web-foundation.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter
internet café or cybercafé
is a place which provides internet access to the public,
usually for a fee. The fee for using a computer is usually
charged as a time-based rate.
Wi-Fi hotspot is a site that offers Internet
access over a wireless local area network
through the use of a router connected to a link to an Internet
service provider. Hotspots typically use Wi-Fi technology. Hotspots may be found in hotels, coffee shops and
various other public establishments in Essaouira.
Parabol on rooftop protected by
Satellits: Nilesat, Hotbird
MT Box (Maroc Telecom): More than
25 local and international channels and more than 50 optional including
Maroc Telecom provide fixe line
telephone , ADSLA, mobil 3G mm
Inwi, Meditel.are mobil operators.
Téléboutiques - Téléphonie
There are many bank offices in Essaouira which have ATM machines but also foreign exchange service.
The wind farm
Parc Eolien Amogdoul,
near Cap Sim, can be seen on the southern horizont from
At distance from Essaouira , south horizont , Borj
el Oued and the windfarm
The Amogdoul 60 MW wind farm started operation
on April 13th 2007.
Cap Sim near the wind parc, is among
Morocco's most western cape on the Atlantic coastline and enjoys
favorable trade wind conditions. Everage yearly speed
of the wind is 9 m/s.
It generates about 210 GWH of electricity
per year. This leads to the systemtatic reduction of 156.000 tonnes
of CO2 emissions per year. Configured with 71 individual
850 MW wind turbines, this wind farm also benefits from
the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) support sources
associated to environmental agreements from the Kyoto protocol.(http://www.saharawind.com)
Wastewater from the industrial
quartiers of Essaouira is discharged right into the Atlantic
The sewage is polluting an aera of about 100 x 100 m which is
most annoying at low tide.
Essaouira El Jadida are discharged outdoors at
Oued Lksob. A scandal. Indeed,
the wastewater flowing and stagnant along Oued
Lksob are deposited in broad daylight, emit foul odors, is
a nest for all the mosquitoes and all kinds of parasites. The
wastewater comes from the new town called Essaouira El
Jadida, which does not have a sewerage system. All the
houses and apartments are equipped only with septic tanks. Source: http://www.maghress.com/fr/goagadir/660
A Road sweeper could make the town outside
the medina look better.
Street Works and Maintenance
Projects with tiling of streets
and planting of trees is ongoing in Essaouira but the municipality
doesn´t finish the work and it is always untidy and dirty,
where work is underway. Usually, the maintenance of streets
is worst in places where house building is ongoing.
Lack of continuous care and watering of plantations etc gives
an impression of neglect. Essaouira's streets
provides an untidy impression and people are used to littering
and throwing household garbage in the streets. Sanitation is
also difficult because of the wind and the animals that are
attacking garbage containers.
Some locations have a bad odor due to this and as well from
leaking wastewater in the streets. Most drains are clogged with
rubbish and it is not unusual that there is no manhole covers,
dangerous for pedestrians and certainly vehicles. Neighborhoods
in the medina and the town are occationally flooded by sewage.