Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco
Essaouira

 
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Water

aqueduct

There was an aqueduct for fresh water from Oued Ksob to Bab Marrakech. Some traces of it can still be found.

The hydrographic network is made up of few oueds. The main one, Oued Ksob, crosses the from southeast to west and takes different names during its path. In the southern highlands this oued has a N-S direction while in the central part area it changes its direction of flow from N-S to E-W flowing in the Atlantic Ocean near Essaouira. The Eocene marls reliefs are crossed by Oued Ait ou Adil which is a tributary of Oued Ksob. Other oueds in the area are Oued Tidzi and Oued Aghbalou and Oued Tahria.

Essaouira is supplied with drinking water from underground resources from Oued Ksob and in Idaougourd.

 

 

 

 

 

Dogs playing in the beach of Plage Safi

The water temperature
in the Atlantic ocean at the beach
is 14-18° (57-65°F) all year round.

Floods in the street after a heavy rain

Several areas in Morocco has the last years
been struck with severe drynesses
but also by devastating floods.
Some aeras suffer from insufficient
evacuation of water after heavy rains.


Drinking water


Essaouira town has over 80,000 inhabitants. In peak seasons its added nearly 20,000 people. The town is now supplied with water from four wells, a source and five holes. The current production capacity is 270 l / second. This flow will ensure the water needs until 2030. The building project has consisted in the pumping stations on three wells and two reservoirs. Water pipes with a length of 47 km have been installed since the water table Meskala. Different reservoirs also mark the route to power Chiadma and Haha douars regions .
http://www.leconomiste.com/article/essaouira-l-alimentation-en-eau-potable-amelioree

 

A well in the dune forest

A well in the dune forest

Freshwater resources

The attitude towards, need for, and degree of groundwater protection vary considerably from country to country and from aquifer to aquifer. However, emphasis is still largely on groundwater development and over-exploitation. The consequences of this over-exploitation may include: a decrease in groundwater level or a reduction in water pressures; the drying up of wetlands; a reduction in pumping capacity; salt-water intrusion and land subsidence.

Saltwater intrusion

In coastal aquifers, fresh groundwater is delicately balanced on top of denser saline groundwater.
Once contaminated with salt water, aquifers are very difficult to flush and, most of the time, become unsuitable for a large number of uses.

Break waters

Concrete tetrapods protecting the pier at Essaouira harbour

Boy with bicycle December 2010

Koutchi in flooded street


Land subsidence

Land subsidence occurs when ground-water is over-pumped from a confined aquifer. As pressures within the aquifer drop, the aquifer materials and the overlying clays gradually become compacted.
Land subsidence follows the consolidation of these sediments. Consequences include coastal flooding, structural damage and inoperable water and sewage systems.

Source: Case Study Essaouira UNESCO

 

Waste water treatment

1 km north of Skala there is an installation for waste water treatment
constructed 2007 in cooperation with Germany.

Mao of Essaouira with location of the waste and wastewayer sites

Old waist water exit in the sea

At the beach near the industrial quarters there are the remains of an old waistwater drain.

Old and new evacuation of wastewater
Low tide Jouitia

High Tide Joutia

High Tide Joutia

Waitwaterdrain at the beach

Waitwaterdrain at the beach

Waste water pillution

Waitwaterdrain at the beach

Waitwaterdrain at the beach

Wastewater drain polluting the beach
Frina

 


RAIN


Statistics from STATIONS in the Essaouira Province

 
ESSAOUIRA
AIN LAHJAR
HANCHANE
Period
1925-89
1975-93
1983-93
Elevation (m)
5
91
301
January
42
62
60
February
32
48
40
March
34
31
55
April
25
23
27
May
9
12
10
June
11
0
1
July
0
0
0
August
1
0
0
September
69
2
7
October
19
20
20
November
42
42
67
December
48
48
59
Total
332
285
344



Annual rainfall

Annual rainfall obtained in the available weather stations

Source: http://www.iao.florence.it/training/geomatics/Essaouira/Morocco_27.pdf


Flod in the medina

Flood in the medina of Essaouira (1987?)

Fllod in the medina


 

Water cisterns in rural aeras

3 water cisterns in the village of Aorir

Water cistern on mountain in Bouskoura

Rain water collect in Tafadna

Rain water collect system in Tafadna

Rainwater is collected in a pit and overflow piped to a cistern.
When it is full, the water flows out into the field.

 

This cistern collects rainwater from a large concrete field
in Tidorin

Wells in a village Djebel Hadid

Individual wells on the slope of Djebel Hadid

Machine for drilling for water

Water drilling machine.

 

Aqueduct - the sugar factory in Ida Ou Gourd

Old surface for collecting water in Ida Ou Gourd atatched to
the ancient sugar factory by aqueducts. Satellit image.

 

 

Watercollect Forestier

Cistern

A rainwater collect system upon a hill with seaview.
The houses abandoned and ruins. (Forestière)

Rainwater collect Meskala

Water citern Meskala

Meskala

 

Waterstation for three dfferent pipelines with drinking water from Ida ou Gourd

Modern waterstations - Three dfferent pipelines for fresh water from Ida ou Gourd

Salt ponds Idaoui Aza Smimo

Extraction of salt in old desert aera near Smimo

Water citern Had Draa

Water tower
Souk Hadra

aqueduct Dar Caid Zelten

Aqueduct Dar Caid
Ait Zelten

Irrigation  canals Ain  Lahjar

Irrigation canals in Ain Lahjar

Watercollect in the Oued Asla

Watercollect in the Oued
Asla


Barrage Zerrar under construction

Barrage Zerrar under construction 2012
Sidi El Jazouli

Rainwater collect system Ait Daoud

Rainwater collect cistern

Rainwater collect  at a mountain slope in Ait Daoud
Rainwater collect systems in Ait Daoud


Well in the lagon forest

Lagon Forest
November after rain

 

 

 

     

Ecology


Water