Morocco broke free from years of French colonial rule with
the return of King Mohammed V in 1956 from
his exile in Madagascar and Corsica.
On November 18th, 1956, King Mohammed V proclaimed Morocco’s
and from then on this day is celebrated in Morocco. Independence from France and Spain.
Independence Day celebrations in Morocco
constitute one of the few secular Morocco festivals , with
January 11th (the Proclamation of
Independence) and November 18th
being national holidays in Morocco.
November 18th is also
regarded as the National Day of Morocco.
The Moroccan people is celebrating the
anniversary of the presentation of the Independence
Manifesto on 11 January 1944. Local name: Takdim watikat al-istiqlal.
This is a key date in the struggle for independence and it
is a turning point in the national struggle led by the Moroccan
royal family and the people against the French colonization.
On 11 January 1944, the Istiqlal (Independence) Party presented a manifesto demanding full independence, national reunification, and a democratic constitution for Morocco. The manifesto had been reviewed and approved by the Sultan before its submission to the French resident general, who then dismissed its recommendations.
While Morocco did not achieve full independence until 1957, the proclamation of Independence in the manifesto is seen as a key date in Morocco's struggle for independence.
The national struggle against the
French occupation started with the announcement of the protectorate
in 1912. The publication of the Berber Dahir in 1930 marked
the beginning of the political struggle in parallel with the
In 1943, late king Mohammed V called
for the independence of Morocco in the Anfa conference,
held in Casablanca. After intensified contacts with the Royal
palace and leaders of the liberation movement, came the initiative
of the late Moroccan sovereign to present the independence
manifesto to the occupation forces.
The French occupation decided to exile king Mohammed V and
the royal family in 1953, which marked the start of new battles
that went on until the proclamation of independence and concretisation
of the legitimate aspirations of the Moroccan people. (http://klnportal.kln.gov.my/perwakilan/rabat/news/336)
18 Nov 2015
18 Nov 2014